Date: 30.11.2017 / Article Rating: 4 / Votes: 515
Instantwritings.clonevoice.com #Sister flowers thesis statement

Recent Posts

Home >> Uncategorized >> Sister flowers thesis statement

Sister flowers thesis statement

Mar/Fri/2018 | Uncategorized





Sister flowers by maya angelou thesis statement - Tapatalk

Sister flowers thesis statement

Buy Essay Online -
Sister flowers by maya angelou thesis statement - Tapatalk

Thoughts from our 2017 Essay Series Curators. Sophfronia and Susanna share their thoughts about sister flowers thesis, this year's essay series. I am just learning how to truly say Amen. A person so close to the veil would feel the energy tethering him between the earth and his being, and between his being and research paper on polygraph test the divine. And why wouldn’t that energy temporarily obliterate his pain and crack him open like a sorcerer’s stone through the most sublime release the human body can experience? Discovering Existence: A Cross-Textual Essay. Reading We the Animals by Justin Torres—a novel about a young Puerto Rican growing up in upstate New York, raised by an unstable white mother and heavily influenced by his not so present Puerto Rican father—I heard my story for the first time. As a survivor of abuse, I find that the social reactions to the details of the abuse I have suffered serve only to prolong that sense of isolation. Thoughts from thesis our 2016 Essay Series Curators.

Liz Blood and of technology P. E. Garcia talk about Outsiders. The Impossible Outside (or, A Zumbi’s Autopsy) The question of “Where is it safe to be Black alive?” haunts the diaspora. I started to feel like a cultural appropriator. I started to feel like I was appropriating myself. Mothertonguetied: The Fantasy of Belonging. I am a non-binary person and thesis a Russian American.

On the difference essay and short story surface, I am an American woman. There’s a difference , I want to say. The difference means something . The first time I went to Forrest City, Arkansas, I was traveling to Memphis with my friend Penelope to flowers thesis statement, see Elf Power. We stopped at a Taco Bell, and I distinctly remember feeling out of place, like we were in a foreign country, not just a mere hour or so away from our hometown of Little Rock. I was wearing a Sufjan Stevens shirt that simply said “Greetings from Michigan!” and the woman at the counter thought we were tourists. It wasn’t unusual for us to feel so out-of-place, though. Penelope is trans, and I’m Latino, two things most folks don’t associate with the South. Yet as much as we felt we stood out in the relatively urban atmosphere of Little Rock, this was amplified in research on polygraph, Forrest City—a town that prides itself on sister being “the Jewel of the Delta.” It would be a stretch for me to pretend that I have an intimate relationship with Forrest City, but after that initial trip, the custom 8hrs town became something of a ritual for me.

On my way to Memphis or Nashville or somewhere else I would stop in Forrest City to statement, remind myself of the Delta, and its history, and all the ugliness contained therein. Forrest City is named after Nathan Bedford Forrest, a former slave trader and Confederate general. He essentially founded the city, as it grew up from optimization particle swarm one of his campsites. Forrest is well-known across the sister thesis South, thanks to the numerous parks, schools and of technology monuments that were named for him. He was widely praised for his military tactics during the Civil War, often referred to flowers statement, as “the Wizard of the Saddle.” After the optimization particle swarm thesis war ended, it’s widely believed Forrest was also the first Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan. He is also famous for flowers, a massacre. On April 12, 1864, Forrest’s troops captured Fort Pillow in northern Tennessee. Accounts vary widely, but one thing is clear: over 64% of Black Union soldiers in essays 8hrs, the dispute were killed—twice the sister flowers thesis number of their white counterparts.

Some said that the river ran red with their blood for three miles; reports came back that unarmed, Black soldiers had been gunned down, drowned, and even burned to death. Whether Forrest personally ordered Black Union soldiers to be massacred is unknown. However, a Confederate sergeant recalled the battle like this: “The slaughter was awful—words cannot describe the scene. The poor deluded Negroes would run up to our men, fall upon their knees, and with uplifted hands scream for mercy, but they were ordered to their feet and then shot down.” The Mississippi Delta, over a century later, continues to be a hotbed of thesis, violence, particularly for gender minorities and people of color. Forrest City itself is actually only a few hours away from Ferguson, Missouri, where unarmed teenager Michael Brown was killed by flowers thesis Darren Wilson. Less than an hour away from Forrest City, Memphis police were caught on tape beating Duanna Johnson, a Black trans woman. Optimization Particle Swarm. Nine months after that video was released, Johnson was found dead of sister thesis statement, a single gunshot wound to the head. Just on the outskirts of Forrest City, on March 8th, 2011, a Black trans woman named Marcel Tye was found dead on the side of the road. She had been shot in the head and dragged 300 feet by a car. St. Francis County Sherriff Bobby Mays insisted that Tye’s death wasn’t a hate crime—just an “ordinary murder,” because, he decided, the body was dragged by a car “accidentally.” Mays referred to Tye as being “a well-known cross dresser in the area.” The Sheriff’s website, which claims this murder is still being investigated, incorrectly refers to Tye as “he.” Regardless of whatever ambiguities surround Forrest’s life, his legacy is difference and short, one clearly marred by sister flowers thesis horrific racism and custom essays $20 violence.

As we begin to ask whether or not the sister flowers symbols and heroes of the Confederacy and benefits of technology the Old South are still appropriate, I sadly concede that Nathan Bedford Forrest is thesis, a fitting talisman of the optimization particle hideous prejudices and violence that continue to pervade the Delta region. Check out the other authors posting pieces for our anniversary series: P.E. Garcia's Awst Collection in print. Hand sewn. Contains 11 pieces of new and previously published work. When Eva introduces herself to you she will reach out and take your hand, and holding it there, tell you her name how old she is flowers thesis statement, how many years she has been married who her daughter is and narrative and short story how many degrees Celsius it is outside.

You will listen to her closely even if she slips into German or Russian. Flowers Statement. You will ignore her rotting gums and promise to pick up a jelly donut for her if she makes it to difference story, her father’s house and back with no problems. When he comes to sister thesis, pick her up you will pretend that she does not look ten years older than he does, and you will pet their sad little dog that burned its leg again walking through the firepit in the backyard. You will do these things in the morning before your shift is over, and you will drive home with the sunrise clobbering you through the spidering crack in your windshield. Breakfast is the of the thesis last thing—world waking up and breakfast is the last thing you have to do before you sign out. Sliding down in their chairs, the powder blue ones with extra height to support their necks, they gape at you and sister statement shake one shriveled hand from the elbow. They never touch their food, and benefits so their clothes hang off of them—collarbones white as chalk just above the neckline. Even when it is not cold out the night will freeze you.

Sitting in thesis, the same wonky chair that teeters between the first hall and the second, you catch your head as it falls forward or backward every hour. You will glimpse down one long hall and swarm then the sister thesis other, and the flickering light overhead will split your head twice in a night or else be blotted out completely for its frequency. When the sun pinks from the bottom of the windows and grabs you golden, you will find you have forgotten how to benefits of technology, squint. This is third shift, and it is yours. Sometimes you have to thesis, take vitals, because in the past they have slipped into respiratory arrest without so much as gasping for air. Research Paper. Some of them scream and beat their chests for no reason at all, and their eyes bulge, but you have to look into those sick globes but past them and know it’s nothing.

Sometimes they lash out, and it’s an awful lot of flowers statement, paperwork for optimization swarm thesis, a stray elbow in the throat; incidents will go unreported. You begin to flout protocol. At the end of sister, six months, you will chart nothing but a hygiene assessment and whether or not there has been human contact that day. Thesis. The narcotics are chained inside the medicine cabinet, which is padlocked inside the office with the flowers thesis statement emergency panel on the door. You will distribute meds at the beginning and end of the shakespeare paper overnight and sister flowers thesis they will sleep God-willing they will sleep in between. When the dented doors of the cabinet swing open, you will gag from the smell of the multivitamins nestled in a psychotropic cornucopia dealt in saving plastic cupfuls. In the morning you must count the dose twice, because you have now been awake for research on polygraph test, a very strange long time. Working third shift, you will learn to sister thesis, trade in daylight hours. You will not be able to shake the difference between essay story night. You will try to sleep early afternoon, shades all pulled.

While the world spins and grinds, you will try to sleep and fail then self-medicate and then finally, when you seem to flowers thesis, swim endlessly underwater, you will stop caring. You will roll through darkness and light like a possum in the road. Somnambulism starts in the eyes. Where eyelids no longer fall, colors are brighter; memory overcompensates for what you already know. Shakespeare Research Paper. Federico is small for nineteen and a terrible hypochondriac. You will meet him in the early morning hours with a phantom fever, begging you to sift out a precious anti-inflammatory from his medicine drawer and all of a sudden you’re panning for fool’s gold together. You will send him moaning back to bed and sister threaten to withhold privileges for his rulebreaking, or else you will be human. You will take his temperature, reassure him that there has never been an shakespeare, outbreak of sister statement, meningitis in the home, and walk him back to his room. Halfway through the door, you listen to custom 8hrs, him describe the pins in his toes and tell him the thesis statement foot has just fallen asleep and paper you may even be so asinine as to add that he should be too. You will become so irritated that you actually read his file. Thesis. There will be that moment when your eye snags on research paper a landslide of infectious delusions.

You will pry open the filing cabinet stashed in flowers thesis statement, the dark office downstairs with the separate key, and you will begin to read everything. Night after night windows become mirrors. Sometime around three or four every morning or two-thirty-four on story the dot, you will freeze before the black glass and see your outlandish face. You will see the reflection of a ceiling lamp hover over the bitten off moon and you will smile. When insomniacs grin there is a moment you expect their teeth to sister flowers, break or burn out one by of technology one like tiny bulbs of night blooming there. Your mind is fertile after dark, eyes are lantern sockets, and you don’t think anything that doesn’t think you back. You will find you have been stuck on yourself like some queer Narcissus for too long, because it is time to flowers statement, wake them and it hits you like a slap in the face. The gentle cooing tone never works, but for a while you will use it anyway. Difference Between Narrative And Short. Then you will shout, stomp, lean right next to their burning dream heads and bark. Flowers Thesis Statement. “Get up” you will say, “get up it’s seven-thirty” or “come on, time to on polygraph, wake up now I don’t want to have to call Doctor”—the longest a doctor has stayed with the sister statement home so far is eight months.

They will roll over, draw blankets; they will scowl, curse your name. Shakespeare Research Paper. They will resent you for opening the blinds, as if you—you who drink the night so that it curdles inside you—have brought the morning in to sister statement, trash them. Difference Narrative Essay And Short Story. And it wastes you too. When you do sleep, you dream of sister flowers thesis statement, nothing. Janelle wears too much white powder on the right side of her face. The left side looks different, but it doesn’t matter because it doesn’t actually exist. You will help her dress in the morning, pulling on the one sleeve that never makes it to the shoulder. Benefits Of Technology Essays. One time you do this she will probably tell you about the accident, but she will lay it out like summer camp or her mother’s antique store—placing objects but not their meaning.

You will note that the damage affects her spatial recognition, her mood, her energy level. Early in the day she will appear carnivalesque with the blush and eyeliner smeared across one side and the amblyopia on the other, lifting her leg in time with the flowers thesis statement aerobics instructor on of the the TV screen. At commercial breaks come the fits and you must try hard not to stand on the left when you reprimand her or else you will disappear. They have been able to save the leg from obliteration but she hates the left arm so much she doesn’t even wash it anymore. In this way you will notice that she does not make it to the dining room unless you lead her, lining her up like a Rubik’s cube every step of the way. When she begins to eat her scrambled eggs sloppily with a cupped palm, you will reproach her for flowers thesis statement, forgetting her table manners, or else you will reach across and press the haughty fork into her right hand.

She will not thank you, but that’s okay, because when she speaks, her face breaks right down the center and you can almost hear it snap. In the winter a shiver starts in benefits of technology, your spine at the beginning of every shift, and it steals all of your energy. You will carry your long nights in the smallest muscles—a twitching lip, rhythmic but menacing: a symptom soloing above your cigarette. The home is a three-story building made of sister flowers thesis, brick and cement, but it seems to shrink and swell with the weather. An inch of snow and the walls are closing in; a heat wave sends you following a white rabbit through the keyhole. On the night shift you are emblazoned in a world of darkness; everything comes to difference and short story, you like in the second after sneezing—a shimmering bony jab of pure white idea. Or the emergency exit is just hissing at sister flowers thesis you again. You will need to keep your body churning for hours, and so you will be insatiable.

You will find nothing of interest in the shitty hypoglycemic pantry they keep on the main level. So plunging into the deep hollow just off of the laundry room, you will grope for two auxiliary refrigerators like lighthouses over grey sand. You will hear the scattering of cockroaches and earwigs, and draw some holy frozen pizza or leftover ice cream cake from the optimization particle thesis top shelf. Your dinner will slowly become a scrolling infomercial of dark suburban plenty, a plague of high fructose corn syrup and processed cheese. And cradling this drippy wonder in hand, you will hunch before a smoldering screen and thump another sterile five-year plan. Statement. Animal midnight crawls over you only thesis, so many times before you change. Lance was eligible for sister thesis statement, an apartment in a nice neighborhood before he relapsed. They tell him that he sets fires because he is optimization particle thesis, ungratified. He is ungratified and flowers thesis he has abnormalities in the levels of certain neurotransmitters including but not limited to norepinephrine and serotonin. He has decreased concentration of 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol in his cerebrospinal fluid.

You will note that he has also been diagnosed with dyslexia and ADHD. He has the best medications, but no real treatment plan. The last doctor decided that you are to help him deal with his mania by outline thesis simulating a situation in which he might feel the impulse to burn something. Sister Thesis. You will drive him to the lot behind the local fire department and dumbly construct a pile of custom 8hrs $20, trash. You will not watch him, because then he is too aware of the farce for flowers thesis statement, it to be therapeutic. Outline Of The Thesis. You will disregard his euphoria, and you will extinguish the flames only when they have become harmful.

You will find that this is flowers thesis statement, very much like the way you must manage Lance. You will over of the thesis, time stand back and watch him cremate his life with a single wavering flame, and you will ask to be taken off of his case. Disciplinary techniques are lost on thesis statement the night staff. No one wants to do a restraint at three o’clock in the morning, no matter how belligerent, how flailing; you will block your face with your fists, and essays $20 you will let them tire themselves out. You will be half a brain when they come at you. Your eyes will be burlap sacks, melted candles, shattered car windows with garbage bags duct-taped from the sister flowers thesis inside fluttering frantically in the wind.

You catch them moving toward you in one dimension, and a sympathy fishes beneath your eyes. Particle Swarm. Seeing them lose themselves on third shift, seeing that sleepless violence, you will know in that instant that you are the same drowning creature. And you will wonder whose condition is the one too obscure, too far gone. You have been sleeping sitting up for six years. You turn in your keys and walk out thesis through the rec room where they are celebrating Janelle’s twenty-fifth birthday, and with a silver tiara sliding over her right eyebrow, she turns to difference, you and smiles. But you’re already out the sister flowers statement door because you just can’t take what her face looks like.

Published 4/22/15 by Awst Press. Check out optimization Katz's Awst Press page or read more about her thoughts in her interview . Check out the other authors posting pieces for our anniversary series: This print collection is hand sewn and contains 27 pages with three new works—a short story, a poem, and thesis an essay of annotations. The quaver in your dad’s voice unkinks something in you. Something deep and coiled. Shakespeare Paper. It comes from the very bottom, from where your ankles feel like they’re made of water. You are not a crier; your father is less of one. Even through the crystal-clear sound of the latest phone technology—like your ears are pressed up against each other’s heads—he sounds distant, like he is talking to you from one corner of the sister thesis room with the phone in the opposite corner. He says the Korean word for grandfather , instead of outline of the thesis, Dad or Father or Pop. Sister Statement. He says, Grandfather is dead. He says, come home, come home now. You book a flight through Memphis because when flying to Omaha from Boston your only choices are connecting in Memphis or Milwaukee and you would rather have the smell of bad airport BBQ on your clothes than deal with the herd of coeds, UW-Madison or Marquette logos emblazoned across their asses, tromping around in mud-slushed Ugg boots.

Or the of the thesis indecisive old timers trying to figure out if they want to go kosher on this flight’s meal plan when the thesis less than two-hour trip, at most, offers up those palm-sized, cellophane packets of peanuts and pretzels. It is while sitting in the boarding area adjacent to your actual boarding area that you get a call from your sister, Janey. Janey is two years your junior, just turned twenty-four, but has it all together: two-year marriage, kid on custom essays $20 the way, adult bills. She tells you over the phone that there was a conflict. She uses the word conflict. She says Little Uncle, using the Korean words for Little Uncle on your father’s side (by marriage), has gotten into a fight with Dad. Has called Dad a motherfucker. In front of everyone. Statement. She says not to research topics, get upset.

Janey says she wanted to tell you before you got there because she knew how you’d react. She knows that since you were a child you had a streak of anger that sometimes baffled people, mostly your mother and father. You were prone to minor flights of violence (a baseball bat to thesis statement, the shins of an umpire over a blown Little League call or a balled fist to of the, the temple of a fellow child over thesis, a borrowed plaything) She is maybe also referring to the crescent shaped scar above your lip where you were once hit in the mouth by 8hrs the very same Little Uncle when he and his family first visited the States from Busan, fifteen or sixteen years ago. You were a know-nothing ten year old packed ten-deep with the rest of your family in an Econo van on a twenty-plus hour drive from sister flowers thesis statement Omaha to Niagara Falls. Little Uncle snatched a fry out of your hand, and you unleashed a torrent of expletives that resulted in him backhanding you. You’ve been looking for shakespeare topics, a reason ever since. Janey says the adults were convened in Big Auntie’s living room, figuring out the logistics of thesis statement, Grandpa’s funeral, when mid-conversation, Little Uncle turned to Dad and said, Fuck you, waving a middle finger on each hand.

Dad was taken aback, she says. A thing you never do is cuss out an elder, even if it is only by paper on polygraph three years. A thing you especially never do is cuss out an thesis statement, elder Kwak in front of the other Kwaks, twenty-three in total, assembled in Big Auntie’s living room. Cousins, aunts, uncles, half-cousins, nieces and nephews of the sort that you meet maybe once every five years, and all look the same to research test, you, even though you, yourself, are Korean. Janey says, you could’ve heard a dime drop on flowers carpet. Benefits Essays. The manic antics of the under ten: the little ones running and shrieking, the flowers statement older kids giving chase, the elders mostly sitting back in plush recliners, watching it all unfold, ground to a sudden halt. Big Uncle was busy feeding his fish, the tropical fish he pays hundreds for, and kept shaking the custom 8hrs $20 fish food, those fat white floating flakes, over the water while everyone else sat silent.

I’ll call you back, you say, your voice choked in your throat. Sister Flowers Thesis Statement. The neon of essays, cheap Elvis memorabilia blinking off of your face. The dead-eyed, mile long stare of overworked mothers looking past you as they wheel around strollers the size of Mini Coopers. A middle-aged man is slumped beside you, a magazine tented over his face. You go to wash your hands.

You notice dirt packed under the half crescents of your nails, though who knows from thesis how long ago; you’ve never minded getting your hands dirty. You get impatient about the custom 8hrs whole wait (the drive, the flights, the gates), but know that this stasis is good for you. You want to call Little Uncle directly. You thumb the numbers. Sister Flowers Statement. Dial all six, but wait until hitting the last digit once, twice.

Three times. Finally you gather up the courage and just tap at it. It rings and rings and rings. You hang up. The thing you know, that you all know, is that Little Uncle is of technology, pissed for one reason: he had asked your father to help pay his way through college and your father had declined.

He had declined because Little Uncle, Uncle Fuck You, had already been through the flowers statement university system overseas, had held, for over seventeen years, a suit-and-tie job at a medium-sized corporation in Korea. A junior corporate position. But he and Auntie Junior came to the States about a decade and a half after your initial familial thrust. The first foray being you, as a newborn, your father and mother (both in their early twenties) and Big Auntie and Uncle who had just come over by way of Germany (by way of Korea), where she had worked as a nurse and he’d repaired plates on tanks. Dad was a champion studier, the type the whole family rallies around and wishes best of lucks to custom essays $20, and stashes money in mattresses for. But they didn’t.

Not only was there no money, there were barely any mattresses: sheets on the floor played the same. His dad, your grandpa, was a deadbeat you heard through hearsay, and offered nothing: his only flowers thesis statement, hand-me-down a recessive gene for alcoholism and hairless knuckles. So your father worked at the University of Nebraska at Omaha, paying for a wife and child on the flimsy TA salary, going without lunch to purchase cheap toys for his baby boy. This went on for two years then another three for his Ph.D. During the interim, your mother had your sister, Janey. These were lean years when Christmas meant donations from the Salvation Army and a weekly grocery budget was little more than twenty-five dollars. Paper Topics. This reminds you, you need to eat.

With the flowers early flight time and the security line, you’ve gone hours without sustenance. You feel light-headed. You finger the crumpled money in your wallet, more than your family squirreled away for an entire month’s worth of food. Particle Thesis. After eating, you make your way back to your gate. A blonde woman in her late forties, a red and white ascot tied around her neck, calls your flight number. As you watch the old folks in their perpetual shorts shuffle through the thesis statement gate, followed by the young parents with kids, followed by outline thesis the businessmen with their hard-backed briefcases, there is a minor commotion. A large gentleman with tight, dark curls of hair and statement a bad Hawaiian print shirt is narrative story, still stuck in stand-by and sister flowers statement screaming obscenities at the ascotted attendant.

He leaves her with a fuck you . Everyone else boards apologetically, without fanfare. An old family story: little Janey, no more than two at the time, had pawed at Big Auntie’s TV screen saying, po-do, po-do, the Korean word for grape, because your family couldn’t afford them. That you once knew that level of poverty feels distant, like a numb arm. Big Auntie was the only one who helped, with lodging in her basement, a job working register in her store, a convenience store she founded with a partner of African descent, who decided to fold and got bought out by of the Big Auntie and sister flowers statement Uncle. Custom Essays. Owning their own business being their goal. The nursing and tank repair was only the sister flowers thesis hard work to bide time. Narrative Story. While Dad worked the register and sister thesis hauled fifty-pound bags of of technology essays, rice, your childhood was spent poking bean sprouts out of the bottom holes of plastic garbage bins you washed them in. Peddling kimchi alongside mucuna pruriens. For this, Dad was always indebted to Big Auntie, but toward the others he was apprehensive. Although he was later able to make it: a tenured professor, the epitome of the American Dream, down to sister flowers statement, the three-car garage, picket fence, and two-point-five children (your baby brother, Chubbs, coming a decade after you), once he started to get comfortable, there came family asking for handouts, the first two fingers and thumb sizzle.

Little Uncle, granted, worked long hours at essays an area Walmart. Flowers Statement. But the of technology point, your Dad said to you, was they all did it when they got here. Flowers. Everyone worked to the bone, to essays $20, the marrow, to the center of sister, themselves. Even people who are pretty well off in different countries come here, shuffling everything in their old homelands aside, wanting and wishing for the big dream. Not just to make it, but to make it big.

They go to Harvard Square and rub the statue’s foot or dream of piney Stanford. Buy lotto tickets in research paper on polygraph test, bulk. Sister Statement. And then they are upset or disillusioned when faced with more hours pushing carts in research, an empty warehouse chain. And so they ask for thesis, money from the one person they know who might have it. Because, that’s family.

Family you can rely on. Only, that person has enough burdens to of technology, bear, foremost among them, his father’s funeral. Statement. Grandpa was always a saint to you, but you figured this to narrative and short, be more about patriarchal old way-isms and you being the oldest male to carry on the Kwak name in the forty-eight contiguous over any genuine you-and-him kinship. Grandpa, to his credit, took you to sister statement, parks, bought you dollar candy, showed you how to paper test, angle pond rocks to get the maximum skip. Only years later did you learn that not only was he not helping out Dad financially, but also, apparently, Grandpa had another family on the side. This came to light when one of sister statement, your younger cousins, Mihyun, tried to show him the how-to of the shakespeare research Internet and he got irate for reasons you young ones couldn’t understand. You later learned it was because he was trying to wish one of his other grandkids back in the homeland a happy birthday.

Grandpa had this other family that your whole family, immediate and extended, knew about, still they brought him in flowers thesis statement, when he got a dark spot in his lungs after being a forty-five year devotee of Esse cigarettes. Custom 8hrs $20. He’d been quite content in flowers thesis statement, a little apartment in difference narrative story, Yongsan-gu, an older suburb of Seoul. Something about the knowing bustle of it. The familiarity. He’d come to the States once before, when you were seven, and he’d planned on staying, but after the flowers thesis statement infamous driving lesson that ended in him flipping a station wagon, ass-over-end, he was Thank you, Goodbye. A family consensus that the American healthcare system is narrative essay and short, superior to the one in Seoul set Grandpa up in flowers, a little trailer in the middle of downtown Omaha, where he raised chickens out behind in their own little coop. Benefits Essays. The trailer was adjacent to Big Auntie’s grocery store and Dad outfitted Grandpa’s digs, hand-built by Big Uncle, with orthopedic this, leather that, a big screen TV. Sister. Grandpa watched Korean dramas through a satellite dish that fuzzed out in hard rain and went for treatments at Creighton. Three years later he collapsed in the hospital, the catch-up to too many years of pack-a-day cigarette habits. Of Technology Essays. During the awkward wait at the baggage claim, you can’t imagine the eat-him-up feelings your dad must have about his own father’s death. The father that never gave him shit.

That fathered another family. That he, Dad, still respected. Paid for. Right to the end. You wish you could magically take the onus off him. Take the burden on yourself. Flowers. Tell him it is going to difference narrative and short story, be okay. Rub his shoulders, chuck him under his chin. In the midst of strangers and their luggage, you well up.

You blink the tears away, cough hard into sister thesis your fist so no one notices you bent over, wiping at outline thesis the edges of your eyes. But even you realize your tears are less about your grief or the sister thesis statement loss of Grandpa, they are about your father. You know what you have to do: drive, first-thing, to Little Auntie’s house, knock on outline of the thesis the door, and sister flowers statement give Little Uncle three seconds before you start pounding the door with both fists only to find no one home. You’ll drive to Walmart next, screech into the handicapped parking space nearest the door, jump out of the car, wait a beat for $20, the automatic sliding doors, and find Little Uncle stacking cans of spray cheese. You’ll violently grab him, screaming, No, Fuck you! your fists white, gripping his blue vest.

I will unburden the world of you , you’ll scream in your bad Korean, meaning to say something like, I wish you didn’t exist or I’ll kill you. You’ll fling him to sister flowers thesis, the floor, leaving him spit-flecked in the wake of difference between narrative, your rage. A karmic backhand for old times. For your sake and thesis your father’s sake. Because a thing you never do is disrespect the father of a man who loves his father. Family isn’t an open-hand. Family isn’t an ask, but a do. $20. A doing. Like standing up for sister, a man who would stand up on of technology essays his own, but shouldn’t have to.

Who has his own ideals about family and what it means to fork over when he’s tired of forking over, when the goddamned tines have been nubbed down from forking. Family is wanting to save him from this. Family is the dirty work if anything. Published 5/7/15 with Awst Press. To see more of Gene's work, go here. Check out the other authors posting pieces for our anniversary series: This collection in print is 32 pages, hand sewn, and will be available to ship after 5/7/15. It contains two previously published stories and sister flowers thesis one new one. By Rudy Landeros. For weeks the horrible screams that burst from the dank cellar were ignored. After five long months, probably overwhelmed by of technology the guilt of doing nothing, the neighbors finally notified the police. When she was pulled from flowers thesis her hell, the frail 15-year-old child bride was emaciated and research paper on polygraph near death.

From her injuries it was evident that she had been tortured, her body covered with cuts, burns, and bruises. Several of her fingernails had been torn off, one of her ears had been mutilated and chunks of flowers, her black hair had been yanked out. Essays. This was her punishment. Her crime? She refused to be forced into flowers thesis prostitution by her in-laws. When I arrived in Afghanistan in June 2011, this was only one of the many cases of brutality that sent shockwaves throughout the country and the rest of the world drawing the attention to swarm, the rampant and flowers statement systemic violence against women and girls. The problem was so prevalent that a 2011 poll conducted by the Thomson Reuters Foundation determined that Afghanistan was the research paper most dangerous place in the world for women. According to sister flowers thesis statement, a United Nation report 87% of women had encountered at paper least one form of physical, sexual or psychological violence or forced marriage in their lifetime. Common throughout the country was the disfigurement of a woman’s face by cutting off her nose, lips, and sister flowers thesis ears.

This violence was not perpetrated by strangers, but by husbands and families who believed they had been dishonored. Worse yet were Honor Killings, by fathers and shakespeare research paper brothers who disapproved of a woman’s behavior, and the practice of Baad that required a family to give away a daughter as compensation to settle a dispute or crime. More abhorrent was forcing rape victims to marry the rapist or the statement prosecution of the victim for the offense of Zina (adultery). Even if they fled from the violence, many were caught and prosecuted for the moral crime of running away from home. For many women and benefits of technology essays girls the ultimate escape was self-immolation —setting themselves on fire to escape the brutality. To address the violence in thesis, 2009, a law—the Elimination of Violence Against Women (EVAW)—was adopted by between and short Presidential Decree that criminalized various acts of violence against women, including child and forced marriages, forced self-immolation, Baad, rape, assaults, and 18 other acts of violence. However, several reports by flowers thesis statement the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), found that the law was seldom used and that many of the cases were settled by essays 8hrs $20 mediation, which provided little justice for flowers thesis, the women. When I departed the United Nations Headquarters in New York—ready to make a difference in a brutal part of the world—my marching orders from the UN Police Division were to strengthen my unit’s working relationship with the UN’s Developmental Program (UNDP) and it’s Law and narrative essay Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA) Unit, which was the steward of over a half billion dollars contributed by sister flowers the international community for the development of the research paper on polygraph test Afghan national police.

Because of the sister flowers rampant violence against women and children, and essays my own experiences under a violent father, I knew empowering women was going to be one of my team’s key objectives. In some ways, I believed it was my chance to make up for thesis, the times I had failed to defend my mother and siblings against my father’s brutality so many years before. One of the first things I did upon my arrival in Afghanistan was to hire A. Heather Coyne, a U.S. Army reservist who had already been in the country for two years. I was moved by her passion for police accountability, access to justice for optimization particle thesis, women, and the need to improve the trust between the community and the police. Shortly thereafter, A. Thesis. Heather and Tor, the first police adviser assigned to the team, developed our unit’s two pronged mission to assist Afghan women and to build the trust between the essays police and the community. A. Flowers. Heather, Tor and I had spent hours poring over benefits, dozens of applications from Afghan women applying for one National Professional Officer (NPO) position assigned to our unit. Our main focus was helping policewomen, and I desperately needed to hire a female. Since the overthrow of the Taliban Regime in 2001, a record number of Afghan women and girls were attending school, and many more were working outside of the home. But there were still many people throughout the sister flowers statement country who were adamantly against the interaction between the sexes absent a mahrammet, a male guardian. In some places this tradition severely restricted a woman’s access to education or training even if the student was a policewoman.

After A. Heather, Tor, and I reviewed the stack of resumes, we shortlisted five of the most qualified women and thesis scheduled a full day to interview them. When Latifa hesitantly walked into the room, the expression on her face was as subdued as the black hijab that completely covered her hair, and the shapeless long black dress that hid her tall body. She was too timid, spoke too softly, and flowers struggled to difference and short, maintain eye contact when she answered questions. But when asked what needed to be done to thesis, make policewomen more productive members of the force she shot back: “Give them the same opportunities given to essays 8hrs $20, men!” Because of thesis statement, her job as a legal adviser for research topics, the Ministry of Interior, Latifa knew firsthand what she was talking about. As the ministry that oversees the thesis national police, many women worked there but only a few were assigned substantive positions. Most were relegated to serving tea, cleaning rooms and mending clothes. Even if a woman clawed her way to the top, like one female police general had done, they were often sidelined, discriminated against, harassed, and threatened. In the face of these threats many women quit, or like the general, they fled their own country out of fear for their lives. My impression of Latifa forever changed when she confidently described the measures she would take, not only to help policewomen but women in general.

It was obvious she had spent much of optimization particle swarm, her life thinking about this issue. As fate would have it, in June 2012, the Dutch Embassy in Kabul offered to thesis, earmark to my UNAMA Police Advisory Unit approximately $4.5 million dollars if we could submit to them a comprehensive proposal on how we intended to accomplish our goal to help women police and strengthen Community Policing. Essays 8hrs. The meeting with the flowers thesis statement Dutch Embassy personnel exceeded my wildest expectations. The proposal, known as the Afghan Democratic Policing Project (ADPP), consisted of six components that focused on building the capacity of women police and strengthening the Community Policing model of law enforcement. Of all the of the components, my favorite was training, which brought together investigators from the Afghan Police’s Family Response Unit and sister thesis statement doctors from hospitals in Kabul to develop a plan to difference between story, help female and child victims of flowers thesis statement, family violence and sexual abuse. The training sessions were taught in shakespeare research paper topics, the Dari language by a group of dynamic and fearless Afghan women who had the skill of getting everyone, men and women alike, actively involved in the training.

In one training session I attended, several of the female police investigators and doctors defiantly held their ground in debates with male colleagues regarding an Afghan woman’s right to sister, be treated with respect and dignity. As the debate raged, many of the women participants used excerpts from the Koran, the country’s constitution, and criminal law to dismantle their male colleagues’ argument that men have the right to do whatever they want with their women. A female police investigator used a case she had recently encountered to make her point: “Tell me where in the Koran or in the law does it say it is right to beat your pregnant wife to the point where it kills her unborn child? Tell me where it says it is okay to slice your wife’s tongue out and leave her to essays, die?” The room fell silent as she described the case of a 25-year-old man who brutally beat his 16-year-old wife and cut out a large portion of her tongue. Sister Flowers Thesis Statement. The trauma had been so severe that the unborn near-term baby died from the beating. The investigator explained that her male police counterparts refused to arrest the husband or investigate the case until she and the victim’s father placed the dead fetus on the male colleague’s desk. “Is this right?” was her final question before she calmly sat down.

As I listened to her and the other policewomen and female doctors in the class I couldn’t help but have a profound sense of respect and admiration for their bravery. The courage these women displayed reminded me of the times my mother endured brutal beatings, rather than allow her children to custom essays, be harmed. Just as my father targeted those weakest around him, the Taliban actively targeted and flowers statement killed women in these professions, these courageous women risked their lives by publicly arguing with their male colleagues for 8hrs $20, what they believed was right. Thesis. But the happiness that filled my heart as I watched these women fight for their rights was overshadowed by between narrative essay and short story what happened to sister, Latifa one night: The six masked men burst through the door and ordered everyone onto of the thesis the floor. Armed with assault rifles they systematically ransacked the house. Statement. For two long and agonizing hours the paper topics gunmen terrorized Latifa, her husband and her in-laws. One by one they were each taken into a separate room and interrogated.

As they led her into the bedroom, Latifa feared the worst. Although they never touched her, the sister thesis men, dressed in ankle length blouses and baggy trousers worn by the Taliban, repeatedly threatened to swarm, rape and kill her. Throughout the ordeal, she was warned the Afghan government would soon fall to the Taliban. And when it did what would she do then? To Latifa and her family it was obvious this was not a robbery, it was a warning meant to intimidate her. But it didn’t.

The following day she went to work. During my two and a half years in Afghanistan, incidents like this happened a lot. More common were the anonymous night letters and phone calls that threatened Afghans with death if they continued to work for infidel organizations such as the UN, European Union, NATO and the various foreign embassies in the country. Many quit their jobs, but not Latifa, she refused to be bullied. Up until my time in Afghanistan, I resented my mother for sister flowers thesis statement, allowing herself to be bullied and beat by our father. But watching Latifa carry on her fight to help women and children in shakespeare research paper topics, the community while under the flowers thesis threat of violence made me see that my own mother fought not so much to protect herself, but rather to story, protect the ones in her care. What I’d seen as her weakness was actually the thesis statement manifestation of her great strength. I began to come to terms with the fact that I was in no position to play savior. That my contribution would come from empowering those in need, rather than believing that I could fight their battles for difference between essay, them. Rudy Landeros, who was raised in East Austin, attended the sister flowers thesis University of Texas at Austin. Upon graduation he taught at AISD’s Govalle Elementary School.

After teaching for three years, he switched careers and of technology essays became an statement, Austin police officer. Rudy retired from the police department after 24? at the rank of assistant chief. Optimization Swarm Thesis. For the next eight years he worked as a Senior Police Adviser with the United Nations in Sierra Leone, West Africa and in Afghanistan. In 2013, Rudy retired and returned Austin where he now resides. He is currently working on a memoir. Check out the other authors posting pieces for our anniversary series:

Custom Academic Paper Writing Services -
What is the thesis statement of sister flowers by Maya angelou

How to Prepare for a Career in sister thesis statement, Biostatistics. Katherine L. Monti is Principal Statistical Scientist at of the thesis, Rho, Inc. Considering a career in biostatistics? If you like math and biology and want to make a difference in the world, this is a good plan. Biostatistics is flowers thesis statement, a rewarding career, with a lot of thesis, opportunity—and the flowers thesis compensation is good, too.

How does one prepare for a career in biostatistics? There is no one “right path” to becoming a biostatistician, just as there is no one career path in biostatistics. Nonetheless, here are some general suggestions that should help someone considering a degree in biostatistics, whether starting such considerations in high school, college, or later on. High School: If you are thinking about biostatistics as a career and difference between narrative essay and short story you are still in high school, excellent! Take as much math as you can and thesis do your science homework. If you have the opportunity to take a technical writing class, go for benefits it. Learn some programming along the way if you can.

Check the web for undergraduate degrees in biostatistics to see if any of those programs appeal to you, and see what the requirements are. Sister Flowers Statement! If biostatistics was not on your horizon in your teens, no worries—you have plenty of time. Undergraduate School: If you plan on a degree in biostatistics, do you need to major in biostatistics as an difference narrative and short story undergraduate? Not at all. In fact, most of us did not. You do not even have to be an flowers undergraduate math major, although most graduate schools will require a strong math background.

So plan on three semesters of calculus, a semester of linear algebra, and introductory probability and/or statistics as a minimum, with real analysis and advanced calculus required for some programs. What other types of courses should you take as an undergraduate? Many graduate programs in optimization thesis, biostatistics recommend biology, epidemiology, ecology, or other science courses. I personally wish I had taken college chemistry; it would have helped me in every job I have held since graduate school. If you have not yet done so, it would be useful to learn a programming language or statistical package. I had one colleague who swore a course in flowers thesis, logic was an paper invaluable aid to thesis, him, but I imagine few statisticians have taken logic in college. Biostatistics is the science of on polygraph, obtaining, analyzing, and interpreting data using statistical theory and methods to address problems in the biological and health sciences.

Unlike departments of statistics, which are generally found in a university’s college of sister, arts and sciences, departments of biostatistics are found in a university’s school of public health or school of medicine. By all means, work on your communication skills, written and oral. I had no idea how much writing a math-major-turned-biostatistician would need to outline thesis, do on the job. Learn to write. Also, work on your spoken English in sister flowers, several ways: grammar, “understandability,” and formal oral presentation skills. Poor grammar is detracting in professional situations, so clean up the verb tenses and pronoun cases. However, even if your grammar is perfect, you have to be understood. I know several people who have benefited greatly from a bit of outline thesis, speech training or an accent neutralization course, depending on their particular situation. Finally, take opportunities to sister flowers, make oral presentations to 8hrs $20, groups small and large, because chances are you will have presentations to make in the future. Remember, practice makes perfect. My final piece of undergraduate advice to those who are math majors: Give your inner nerd a rest.

Take literature, art, music, science, history, philosophy, psychology, or whatever interests you to round out sister flowers thesis statement, your education. If you are going to spend the rest of your professional life applying math to the biological and research on polygraph test medical sciences, use the time in college to add balance to your life. My senior advisor wisely suggested I refuse the math department’s offer to join the honors program because that program required I take extra hours in math. If I was going to sister statement, graduate school in optimization particle, biostatistics, he advised, I needed to sister flowers statement, broaden my college experience more than I needed to research paper, graduate with honors. I took pottery instead. Degrees: While there are exceptions, most of us who call ourselves “biostatisticians” have a degree from a statistics or biostatistics department, but what degree should you seek—a bachelor’s, master’s, or doctorate?

Degrees do matter because they are like union cards: They open doors of opportunity. If your aim is to develop new theoretical statistical methods, then you would be well served obtaining a theory-based doctorate from a theoretically inclined statistics or biostatistics department. Sister Flowers Statement! If your aim is to teach in a biostatistics department, then again, you will need a doctoral degree. However, if you prefer to work in government, industry, or an academic or nonacademic clinical trial research environment, then a doctorate is an option, but not a requirement. And if your goal is to become a proficient SAS programmer in clinical trials, then a master’s degree or even a bachelor’s degree in biostatistics will serve you well. With just a bachelor’s degree, you can obtain a position that allows you to paper topics, confirm your interest in biostatistics before launching into flowers statement a graduate program. At the same time, you will be gaining valuable experience that will enrich your graduate education and post-graduate opportunities.

A simple algorithm regarding degrees is benefits, that the thesis statement more demanding the degree, the greater the range of opportunities and, in general, the higher the salary that you can command. View this Amstat News article for of the an idea of the sister flowers thesis 2009 salaries broken down by degree, years of experience, and of the type of job. While there is sister flowers thesis, a considerable salary bump associated with the degree, a doctoral degree takes a lot of optimization particle swarm thesis, resources (your time and tuition money, if it is not available from other funding sources) and perseverance. If you cannot afford the time nor tolerate the effort of obtaining a PhD—or if “doing school” is not your thing—fear not. A good career is available to those with a master’s degree. Jobs: What do you want to do? Chances are you do not know what career is best, and even if you think you know, your plans may change with time and circumstances.

I graduated with my PhD thinking I would teach biostatistics forever. That never happened. I ended up teaching elementary math and statistics in a mathematics department for three years before moving into industry (Ralston Purina), medical devices (Ciba Corning Diagnostics Corporation), the pharmaceutical industry (Astra), and flowers thesis statement consulting to the pharmaceutical industry (Rho, Inc.) While this career path was not my plan, it has worked well for me. Because a biostatistician is so employable, I was able to move where my husband moved and maintain my career in biostatistics. Gain Insight into the Profession: The more you learn about the profession, the better you will be able to prepare yourself. To consider what a career in statistics might encompass, check out the following websites: You also can find sites by searching “prospective student” and “biostatistics.” There are summer programs in optimization particle, statistics at some universities and some corporate internships available (see the sister flowers statement ASA’s internship listings or search the web for “biostatistics” and topics “intern”). Also, visit the flowers statement American Statistical Association’s website to see whether there is a local chapter near you and what activities it sponsors. Finally: Good luck on your adventure in biostatistics! Since the publication of this article, I have received many questions that can be better answered by those who are up-to-date on the specific programs. If you are interested in graduate school then I suggest this:

1) Use the paper web to research biostats programs, and pick out sister flowers thesis statement, a few that seem most suitable to research paper test, you. 2) Call that department and tell the person who answers the sister thesis statement phone what the nature of your question is, and research on polygraph ask to sister statement, speak with an appropriate person. Perhaps this will be someone on the admissions committee, perhaps someone who helps graduates find positions. They may have some close-to-graduating current students or recent graduates who would be willing to return your call. 3) Speak with that person, or various people, about your concern(s), whatever they may be. (What is needed for admissions to this program?

Are your graduates able to find jobs upon benefits of technology essays, graduation? Where do end up working?) 4) Also ask them to describe the difference between their program and other programs: what makes this program different than the program at school X or in department Y. The responses that you receive will undoubtedly be biased so be alert to self-promotion and biased wording, but you will also learn a lot about the differences in the programs (eg, that program is more [less] theoretical and flowers thesis statement less [more] applied). 5) If the description of the program seems to shakespeare research, be one that you are not interested in, describe your interests and ask them for suggestions for other programs. Statement! (It is ok to say, for outline example, “Thank you so much for informative comments. Statement! Based on research paper on polygraph test my background and interests and on the description of your department, I think I might be suited for a program that is more (characteristic here). Do you happen to know which programs might better suit my situation?” I suspect that they will give you some suggestions. Then go to step 2 above and start over! thank you very much for the article. It is really very useful, and actually, I would like to statement, ask for some advice.

I have finished my PhD in biochemistry and I becoming very interested in outline of the, biostatistics and its relation to the pharma industry. I would like to know your opinion about the best way of me getting into the biostatistics field. Is that by a masters? is a diploma useful? should I take math classes to prepare? The second question is, will my PhD in biochemistry be considered in the course of my work? or, since it is not in statement, statistics, noone will care about it? Thank you very much for your attention and thesis your time. Any advice is greatly appreciated.

Thanks so much for the article. I need your advice as far as my academic path. I have a bachelor degree in Economics and I am interested in Biostatistcs program. I just started to take some classes in UCF, major statistics and I am done with all Calc/Chem/Bio classes. Do you think its better to go ahead and apply for biostatistcs program in USF or should I continue till I finish my bachelor in statistcs. I am also like you finishing my PhD in molecular biology and sister thesis statement thinking of doing a Masters in Biostatistics and paper topics wondering the same thing whether my PhD degree will be of any value down road.

Will you please let me know whether you have got good information regarding that and thesis what have you done for your case. I’m glad that you found the article useful. Taking your questions in reverse order, no, your biochem background will not have gone “all to of technology essays, waste.” In fact, you might well be able to merge biochem and thesis stats very nicely. Personally, I which I had a stronger chemistry background…it would have served me well. I strongly suspect the biochem+stats combo would be very attractive. My guess is that a masters degree in biostatistics would be good step for you. Not all masters degrees are created equal, however–some are much stronger than others. Having been out of academia for ages, I can’t advise you on them all, but my recommendation would generally be to get a relatively strong masters but not in difference between essay and short, a program that is flowers statement, not focused on preparing you for a theoretical PhD. I would suspect that you may need more math background, but check various schools for their requirements–you may have enough. Difference Narrative Essay! Google is a wonderful tool for finding schools–use it to sister statement, find various programs, then read their info and view their on-line videos (when available) for prospective students. You can find the optimization swarm programs, then don’t be shy about calling the flowers statement departments to discuss your level of preparedness…and to optimization, find out what jobs their graduates have.

One thing that comes to mind is that you might do very well pursuing Phase I drug development. Phase I is the thesis statement pre-clinical stage–chemistry matters a lot here. (Or I suspect it does. Paper On Polygraph! I can’t say that I know a lot about it.) I can give you advice on how to get advice: if you are a member of ASA, join the Statistical Consulting Section and/or the Biopharmaceutical Section, then ask the question using the online discussion group(s). (I bet Rick Peterson –rick@amstat.org — would be able to help get you started.) I suspect that you will get a broad spectrum of advice in sister thesis, response. Magnificent submit, very informative. I wonder why the opposite experts of of the, this sector do not understand this. You must continue your writing. I’m sure, you have a great readers’ base already!|What’s Taking place i’m new to statement, this, I stumbled upon this I have found It positively helpful and it has helped me out loads.

I’m hoping to 8hrs, give a contribution aid different customers like its aided me. Good job. Thank you for sister the article, I realy gain a lot and I like to ask U????? a question. I have my degree in statistics in nigeria and I will like to ave my master degree in biostatistics but I don’t know where to start because here in of technology, nigerai their is sister flowers thesis, no master in biostatistisc.. Of Technology Essays! I like you to help me out. I’m glad you enjoyed the sister flowers thesis article. Of The! As for your future education… If you would be able to travel out of the country in order to obtain a degree, then I would search out the programs in whatever country or countries that would be most accessible to you. Then contact those departments directly in order to determine what the prerequisites for the program are, whether your current training meets the entry needs, and so on.

If you are not able to flowers, travel, that’s another matter. I don’t personally know of on-line masters degrees. I did find this link with one little google search, and you might be able to find more with a more extensive search: http://education-portal.com/articles/Online_PhD_in_Statistics_Program_Overviews.html. Good luck in your efforts! Thank you very much for the article, it is very helpful. Here I would like ask for some advice. Now I am undergraduate senior student majored in statistics and economics. My friends say I have to get a PhD degree in order to research paper topics, get a job in sister flowers statement, the biostatistics field; actually the job market for biostatistics master is not good in recent years (maybe because there are so many biostatistics master graduates). However personally I don’t want to do PhD.

I applied several biostatistics master programs, and got admission from Harvard, Yale, Columbia, John Hopkins University (they are all MS program). Could give me some advice on choosing the schools, I really want to benefits essays, get a job after graduate, so I think Columbia may be a good option since it is in the city of flowers thesis statement, New York? Any advice is greatly appreciated. I would be willing to give you advice, but I don’t know the outline programs well enough to distinguish among them. Statement! You can call each one and ask them to defend why they are the best program…and see what they say. Amount of funding your receive may be another factor. If you are in NYC and want to stay, then Columbia is a good choice. Personally, I would chose NYC last as a place to and short story, live. Hope I’m not too late answering you–I don’t check this very often.

Good luck in your selection and sister flowers thesis your career! The above article is excellent. Thank you!! I have pursued my Master’s in research, Chemical Engineering two years and currently working as a Manufacturing Associate at Johnson and Johnson(Pharmaceutical). I am very good in Maths and I am interested in the Pharmaceutical field and now I want change my career path to Bio-statistics. Is this possible?If so how long it would take? and what are the steps can you suggest me? Your answers will definitely help me. Will wait for your reply.

Thank you. A chem degree will definitely hold you in good standing–I wish I knew more chemistry! How long will it take? That depends on several things: do you want to get a Master’s degree or a PhD. Master’s could take as little as 1 year full time (but it would probably not be too strong a degree), more likely 2 years. A PhD would be more like 4-5 years. Master’s degrees come in different levels of flowers thesis statement, intensity from custom “little math needed” to “very strong.” The stronger the program, the sister flowers more you will know at the end. Search websites for Biostatistics departments and paper on polygraph look at the different programs and flowers thesis their requirements. You probably have the pre-requisites, but you need to check that out.

You also can compare what courses they recommend–that way you can compare programs. Don’t be afraid to call some departments and swarm thesis ask to talk to people about their programs. You can ask what the strengths are, what other programs are like there programs…basically you can figure out which are weak programs and sister statement which are stronger by snooping around. Shakespeare Topics! “Our program is the flowers best, but x, y and z are about as good…and you want to avoid w, q, and t.” Then you call x, and see who they recommend… You can also find out where their graduates end up getting work. Any masters will help you, but a “weaker one” (like an MPH–master’s of public health) won’t help you as much as a stonger one. GOOD LUCK.

Katherine Monti. I enjoyed reading this page. There are 3 questions that I would like to ask. I am interested in obtaining a masters and PhD in biostatistics. Is it best for me to of the thesis, get work experience right after my masters degree and go back later to get my PhD or is it ok to get a PhD right after my masters degree with no job experience in sister flowers thesis statement, between the masters and PhD? Are there many entry level biostatistician jobs? I have been looking and really don’t see any. Essays! Maybe it is flowers, because of the bad economy. Do you know where the entry level jobs are?

1. You ask if it “best” to get work experience after the masters and before the PhD? There is no right answer here. First, I went straight though and paper on polygraph test wish I had had some experience in between so that I understood what I was learning better. Sister Flowers! I have, however, done pretty well anyhow. Second, if you stop to work, you might not end up going back to shakespeare, school. You might end up getting married, having a baby–it’s harder to go to school then. Or you might just enjoy the lifestyle that comes with an income, or just not want to face school again. So if you take a break after the master’s, you may never go back–just saying that I have seen this happen. (The reason that I wanted to sister thesis statement, go straight through was that I had endured my mother’s return to school–twice: once for her MS then for her PhD. I knew that was a hard road.) Third, another way to gain experience is through internships…see the ASA page for difference narrative essay this: http://magazine.amstat.org/blog/2011/12/01/internship12/ 2-3.

To be honest, I have not looked for an entry level job recently — to put it mildly — but I do understand that they are harder to come by. An internship is a WONDERFUL asset to your resume, and gives you and “in” in the company itself. Monster, career builder, etc and statement the ASA website are sources. Also, look at specific company’s “career opportunity” pages. Also, call various graduate programs and see where their students have landed jobs. If the students from that school have not ended up employed, apply elsewhere. Awesome article!! I am an undergraduate student debating between medical school and biostatistics graduate school. I was wondering how possible it is for biostatisticians in the medical or pharmaceutical industry to be promoted to an executive position?

My dream is to serve on research paper on polygraph the management board of a biotech company one day. Well that is an interesting career goal! To answer the question about executive position: Biostatisticians who are so inclined can rise to the level of VP of Biostats or something like that; most don’t go on to head biotech companies although some of thesis, them may be on between narrative and short management boards. And it depends on flowers statement what you mean by outline thesis, “management board.” Do you mean “external board of directors” or “helping to run the company”? BOD–not so likely for flowers thesis statement a statistician; influence in the company–probably more likely but not as likely as an MD. That being said, the route to shakespeare research paper, becoming an sister thesis MD (board certified, preferably) is longer and probably more expensive.

You might research a bunch of custom essays 8hrs, biotech companies to see who is at the top and what degrees (aka “union cards” they have.) However, in either event, it is likely that you will need to build your career credentials first–your lofty goal will not be achieved until you have achieved a distinguished career. Sister Statement! How do you want to spend the 15-20 years building a career: being a doc or being a statistician? I am from essays 8hrs India working as a lecturer in a university (in Statistics). I have been offered a fully funded PhD in biostatistics (designing clinical trials) at a US university. Do you think such a PhD will help me switch over to jobs in pharma companies as a Biostatistician? And what is the thesis scope as a lecturer specialising in biostatistics? To answer your first question: If your goal is to switch from a lecturer in 8hrs, statistics (I gather with a master’s degree) to thesis, a job in optimization swarm thesis, a pharma company, a PhD in bios would almost surely be helpful in obtaining a job, a good salary, and eventually more responsibility and authority.

As for the second question, I don’t really understand. If you are switching to a pharma company, you would not be a lecturer. Can you please elaborate? Thanks, I’m applying to statement, the masters program of biostatistics this fall. Meanwhile, I have a lot of free time, so I was wondering whether there is between essay story, any specific kind of work/volunteer experience that will make my application more competitive? Thank you very much indeed for such an interesting and helpful article. I would be very grateful if you could give me a piece of advice. Flowers Thesis Statement! I have a Medical Degree and, as I am interested in biostatistics, I have just finished a four-year, distance learning Master Degree on the subject (focusing on regression techniques and design). The point is that I would like to improve my knowledge as I am afraid my Master is essays 8hrs, directed towards medical specialists and doesn’t deal with some aspects in depth apart from being limited to the use of the SPSS software. Flowers! As I live in Spain, during the end of my Master I have tried to get in contact with many departments of optimization particle, biostatistics from different universities in Europe to search for another master or a PhD to flowers thesis, improve my skills in order to make a career in biostatistics; as I have a job in Madrid my main interest is to of the, find a distance learning option.

Surprisingly I after getting in contact with many departments I have found very little options so I have also tried in the United States where there seems to be more opportunities but the sister flowers thesis statement main problem is that, living in Europe, is quite difficult to particle swarm, attend tutorials, etc. So, now I don’t know which is the sister flowers thesis statement best way to proceed: continue to learn by optimization particle swarm, myself or continue trying to find a suitable course perhaps not only distance learning. I would be very grateful if you are as kind as to take the time to give me a piece of advice, Thank you very much indeed for your help! I am not aware of biostat degrees that are offered through distance learning. There may be some, but I don’t know of them. Sorry.

It depends on where you are located. If you are located near the biostats program to which you have applied, ask them…they might have some good leads. Sister Flowers Thesis! Even if you don’t live near that program, they might have ideas. If you are near a large medical university or a pharma company–or near any large university or business that has applications in your area of topics, interest–call them up. You may need to snoop around to flowers statement, see who is the “right” person to call, but isn’t the internet great. Also, you might not find the right person the first time. When I was looking for a job in benefits of technology, St. Louis once, I called Ralston Purina and was told “nothing here” by sister thesis, one man (LR). Someone gave me a lead and I called another man (DM) in the same general area of the company. Turned out that (a) things had changed in the intervening 3 weeks so they needed more help and (b) DM was the man to ask–he was LR’s boss. I ended up being interviewed, hired, and reported to LR for many years.

Don’t be shy about swarm calling up and asking if they have something and, if they don’t, if they have suggestions on where else to sister flowers thesis statement, try. I can’t write any further before appreciating the way you have presented BioStatistics as a subject in this article. 8hrs! Written in a lucid language, it is equally informative and motivating. I had a few curiosities if you could kindly address. I got accepted at a university for PhD in BioStatistics. I am partly elated and partly worried. It is a young department.

There is huge overlap between the faculty’s research area and flowers thesis my interest. Would you suggest me starting into the PhD or wait for test sometime and strive to sister thesis, get into a top ranked school? My background involves a BS in Statistics, and an MS in particle, math. It might be a good idea to flowers thesis statement, have a department with faculty who share your research interests…don’t really know. And of essays 8hrs, course I have no way of predicting which path will, in the long-run, work better for thesis you–the current school or a different one. Thank you for this article!

It was a very helpful introduction to the field of Biostatistics. I am currently finishing up my 3rd year as a Biology major, and between I’m very interested in this field of Biostatistics. However, (I think someone mentioned it earlier), but upon doing research, it seems like it is very difficult to find jobs for Master’s level biostatistician. Thesis! From your knowledge, do you believe this to be true? Would it still be worth pursuing? I’d love to pursue a Master’s, but if there are few opportunities without a PhD, I feel like this is something important I must consider before applying. Thank you once again! I know many masters degree holders who have jobs in biostatistics. Test! I have heard that it has gotten tougher to find jobs, however. I would contact chairs or directors of admissions of different degree programs and ask what is happening in sister statement, the market now.

I found your article and blog to be extremely helpful. I feel like is so nice of custom 8hrs $20, you to spend time out of your day to flowers thesis statement, respond to everyone. It really means a lot. This summer I have really been debating what should be my next step in life. The problem is that I have always wanted to get my PhD, do research, and makes lots of money. I just received my Masters in Biostatistics this past Spring.I was accepted (full funding and particle thesis stipend) into a top ranked school in Biostatistics. However, I thought it would be interesting to test my luck in flowers thesis, getting a job.

Now I was offered a health care data analyst position making 60K in Atlanta. Would it be more beneficial to take this job and get real world experience? Or should I just take 4 more years and finish my PhD. Outline Thesis! By the thesis way, my goal in life is thesis, not to teach. I would like to work for a pharmaceutical company as a Senior Biostatistician. Is it possible to have such a position without a PhD? Is the pay scale significantly different for Masters with experience versus PhD no experience. P.S.

I just got married and have a family now. My husband supports me getting my PhD but I know monetarily I would like to be more of a support. I wont be able to do that if I’m working on my PhD and living on flowers thesis a stipend. Unfortunately, I don’t want to regret this opportunity to outline of the thesis, get my PhD. Well, I certainly can’t tell you how to make your life decisions. A few comments: it is sister flowers statement, easier to go through school without working first because you are still in the school groove (the way I did it) BUT you get more out of of technology essays, school if you know what you are doing when you are there (I felt that I missed a lot relative to my classmates who had some work experience). Which way is sister thesis statement, “right” for paper you? Dunno. Yes, you can be a Senior Biostatistician w/ a masters but you are likely to achieve that goal sooner with a PhD.

Again, you may end up as a director of biostat w/ a masters at a small company, but less likely so at a larger company. Yes, you earn more with a PhD. Sister! See. I am from difference between essay INDIA. I am a final year student of sister flowers thesis statement, bachelors in research test, pharmacy.I desire to statement, pursue a career in bio statistics.Also I don’t want to deviate from pharma profession. Can I do a phd in biostatistics after my graduation? which universities in US will be best for the same? Yes, you can do a PhD in biostats with a bachelors in pharmacy. You would have to check with each program of of the, interest to flowers, determine whether your math background is shakespeare research topics, sufficient, or if you would need to take some additional coursework prior to starting the degree program. I am not in a position to sister thesis statement, evaluate US programs.

I suggest that you search the web for the larger programs, then look at their entrance criteria, and the contact them. Find out how many students they graduate, and where those students are now working. Congratulations on a very well written piece about a career in biostatistics. I also appreciated the candid advice you gave about paper on polygraph widening one’s outlook to things beyond numbers. I also have a career advice to thesis statement, ask from you. Thesis! I am a PhD. in Bioiformatics with many years experience in research both in sister thesis statement, industry and academia. I have bachelors background in custom essays $20, biochemistry/biotechnology.

Over the period of years of doing research, I have developed a strong liking for statistics. Sister Flowers Statement! Now I plan to do a master’s in 8hrs $20, biostatistics. My plans for sister flowers thesis statement future is teach and work as a biostatistician. I have no prior degree in Math or statistics, though I have training in shakespeare, them through various courses. 1. You mentioned that one needs a PhD in statistics to be able to flowers thesis statement, teach at University level. Will doing master’s in between essay, Biostatistics while already having a PhD in Bioinformatics be accepted? 2.Are there any oppurtunities for starting one’s own enterprise with a career in biostatistics? Thanks again for the wonderful article.

To be perfectly honest, I don’t know all that a PhD in Bioinformatics entails. Sister! My guess is that most PhD programs would not “count” a PhD in Bioinformatics in of the, terms of allowing you to sister flowers thesis, be on their faculty, unless they needed some of the first year courses taught. Junior colleges might be a source of employment that uses both degrees also. Custom Essays! Mostly I have no credible advice on sister statement that matter. For more useful advice, contact some faculty members in programs that look interesting to you. As for doing solo consulting as a statistician: yes, this can be done. It is generally recommended that you have 10-15 yrs experience before you try to optimization particle thesis, venture out on your own as a solo consultant however. And, of sister flowers thesis, course, some people are quite successful at that venture and some are… less successful. You might have a unique niche to fill with your prior experience. If you join the ASA section on Statistical Consulting, you will from time to time receive emails in a chat-room sort of way. Sometimes the emails address issues relating to benefits essays, running a consulting business; other times they are specific technical issues.

In any event, it might be useful to join. Just so you know, there are lulls in he email exchanges, so you might not see anything for awhile, then maybe a flurry. Sorry that I don’t have solid answers for you. I have BS degree in flowers, Statistics with a 3.32 GPA. Presently I am about completing my masters program in Biostatistics here in US.I have two major issues. (1)Due to the fact that I had to work to carter for shakespeare topics bills,I decided to sister statement, go part time.I have one more course to take in Spring of 2013 amd I am done with my masters program.

I really want to thesis, go in for my PhD in Fall 2013. Sister Thesis! Will you advise me to go ahead and apply for a PhD program in Fall 2013 eventhough I have one more course to narrative essay, take in Spring 2013? If not,then I just have to wait till Fall 2014 which is sister thesis, such a long time.Please advise. (2)Can a Masters anticipated GPA of 3.25/4.00 be enough to secure admission in shakespeare paper topics, a very good school with funding? Besides,is there any disadvantage of running this program part time?

Thanks so much while I wait for your response. This is an MSc in Biostatistics. Sorry for the delay–I don’t check this site often. But I really am not in a position to sister thesis, offer that level of advice. The question is whether or not the department will allow you to start a PhD. As for the GPA–I have no idea what it takes these days. Sorry that I was both so non-informative and late responding. Thanks for writing such an informative article.

Even with the internet at my disposal, it’s difficult to find out information about this field. I’m a bit younger than most of the other commenters; I just graduated from high school this past year. I am very interested in biostatistics and was hoping you could give me some advice on my undergraduate education. As of right now, I am a double major in health science and math. While this gives me the opportunity to take high level math courses and many public health courses, I only have to take one biology course and paper on polygraph no chemistry courses, though I am electing to sister statement, take general chemistry, per your advice. Will a lack of knowledge in research, biology put me at a disadvantage?

Also, if I’m unable to take biostats courses, are there any particular statistics courses other than the basics that I should take? Thanks for your help. Any science or chemistry will help you if you are interested in a biostats applied degree, but it isn’t necessary. Health science is (I would think) a strong asset. Google biostatistics degrees and you will see a lot of academic programs pop up. Sister Thesis Statement! Go to those websites and snoop around. Call the research test admissions officers of particular programs if some look particularly interesting and talk to them. Also, ask them “If I were applying to programs, which ones (other than your program) would you recommend.” That way you can see what they say about each other and you can see which ones everyone else recommends. At the sister thesis undergrad level, you may not have the chance to essays, take a biostats course–no problem. Take math stats or applied stats if you can. I bet that most enrolling grad students don’t have any bios coursework under their academic belts.

Thanks for this very informative article. Thesis Statement! I have a Ph.D. in psychology with a background in evaluating the effectiveness/efficacy of psychological interventions (therapy, etc.). I have been working in research/academia, but I am considering a move to of technology essays, the private sector and I am sussing out my options. My research certainly involves doing statistics that are relevant to clinical trials and/or health care settings (longitudinal data analysis, handling missing data, etc.) and I have excellent communication skills. Do you think biostatistics is an option for me? Do I need further education before I will be of interest for biostatistics jobs, or is a psychology Ph.D. potentially good enough as long as I have the needed skillsets (proficiency in sister flowers statement, SAS programming and so on)?

Any advice would be greatly appreciated. I am not sure how strong your stats background is. Research Paper Topics! You may be able to get a job w/ the flowers thesis PhD in psych…apply and you will find out! For the jobs you do not get, ask what is lacking. You may need additional coursework in stats. SAS programming would be an asset. I have friends w/ PhDs in Psych who are functioning very well as statisticians, but they have a strong stats background in essays 8hrs, their degree. Thank you so much for the insightful advice! I am a convert to biostatistics and this has helped me tremendously. I do have a question regarding research positions.

First, a brief history, I have always loved math and sister thesis actually began my college career in engineering. However, due to the shortage of employment at the time, I changed my major to test, a medical degree. Long story short, I now have my Bachelor’s in Nursing. Flowers Statement! I was so excited to research paper on polygraph, find out about the biostatistics degree! I feel like I finally found something that will combine my medical background with my love for mathematics. On to statement, the question…I have noticed in researching available jobs that several require 3-5 years of research experience. Do you know if this is beyond the between essay story research that is required for your Master’s degree? Or if this needs to be full-time 40hr/week research? Thank you so much for your time!

COngrats on finding stats. Gotta tell you: my mother was a nurse (started the Pediatric Nurse Practicianer program at sister flowers thesis, Yale), my daughter-in-law is a labor and delivery nurse, and research paper test my other son’s significant other is a cardiac physician’s assistant. With your scientific bent, stats and medical background…you would be a good hire for many jobs. As for what a particular job is looking for when they say 3-5 yrs experience, I can’t say. My guess would be post-degree, but my guess might be wrong. Statement! Also, even if they “mean” that, they may find your background so attractive that they change their mind. Sorry that I couldn’t answer your question more definitively. Of Technology Essays! Warm regards, I liked your article.

I have been reading about Biostatistics recently. I have a MS degree in Engineering. I truly loved the statistics classes I took. Sister Flowers! I took Design of Experiments and outline of the Statistical Data Analysis during my masters. I just didn’t realize how important statistics is in every field. Especially in sister flowers thesis statement, quality and human factos classes, statistics played an swarm important role.

We moved to Nashville and Vanderbilt offers PhD degree in Biostatistics. I was wondering your personal thought on if an engineer would be accepted to Biostatistics department? I call the Dept of Bios and ask for an appointment with someone on the faculty who could address this question. Then go meet the faculty member with a list of your coursework (text book names wouldn’t hurt) and either a transcript (need not be official) or a list of your grades and ask them for thesis a non-binding evaluation of your likelihood of acceptance. They may point out custom essays 8hrs $20, what you lack, or they may just invite you to get your formal application in order by date X. Good luck, Thank you so much for writing this article! I had goal of working in pharma industry but after spending about a year to find a job as a Biostatistician, my goal is shorten to “having a job.” 3 months of sister statement, of summer intern at a medical school and having a weaker degree, MPH in between narrative and short, Biostatistics have not done any helps in finding a job. For about past 6 months I have not get any interview offer so it’s very disappointing. How can I get a job?

Please help! Thanks! I am not an authority on this, but with the sister flowers statement MPH, you might try to get a SAS certificate and get into a company as a statistical programmer, then migrate into stats. I don’t know if this will work, but I think SAS certification isn’t a high hurdle, especially if you know SAS already. Good luck! Thank you for your informative article.

I’m a senior in Biology Applied Mathematics, attempting to reconcile my interests, and hence seriously considering a phD in Biostatistics. I have done research, but not Biostatistics research, although they involve quantitative skills basic sciences. My questions are: 1. How important is it to have an established research area/interest when applying to a Biostatistics phD program? 2. On Polygraph! Can you give some suggestions about where to look to sister flowers thesis, for topic areas in Biostatistics? Or can you list some as a starting point? 3. I have taken a couple ugrad upper level/grad level statistics courses (which require multivariate calculus), and outline thesis have a good track record (my school’s courses are known to be very challenging). However due to scheduling reasons, I am only sister thesis, taking multivariate calculus this semester as a senior. I may not have the grades posted by the time I submit my application. Will that be a problem?

I am not in academia, so I don’t really know the paper topics answers to your questions for sure, but (1) I think it is entirely unimportant to have a previously established research interest, (2) you will figure out good topics when in grad school, and (3) I seriously doubt that unposted grades will be a deciding concern on an application. Good morning Katherine, I have a Ph.D in Medicinal Chemistry, worked in the pharmaceutical industry designing drugs for thesis 7 years and for the last 5 years have started my own firm based in the US with 15 employees overseas in between narrative essay, India doing BIO_IT. I am now interested in moving myself and my company in flowers statement, the area of Biostatistics (I have deep interest in math). Between Narrative Story! What kind of degree program would you suggest ? I would suggest that you join the Statistical Consulting Section of the ASA and sister thesis read the essays MS vs PhD tread that is going on. I think there is a way to sister flowers, get to previously-sent emails. Essays 8hrs! If you have trouble, Rick Peterson at ASA might be able to help you. After you read those posts, you can ask the question yourself (or a modified version, with more details) to see what the larger community advises. In general, the answer is thesis, “It depends on what you are going to do with the degree.” It sounds to outline of the, me as though a strong masters program would do you well. (An MS is sister statement, usually stronger than an MPH, for outline of the thesis example.) But…that is for you to decide.

Hi Katherine, thank you for an amazingly informative article and your responses to the posts! A recent college grad, I am working in science communication and planning on going back to school next year for a Master’s in flowers statement, Biostatistics. Difference Between And Short Story! Even though I was a science student throughout college, I also find a lot of my interest lies in the humanistic side – communications, marketing, etc. I always feel a little torn in terms of whether I should directly pursue “my passions” or work on developing concrete skill sets to pave the flowers statement paths that might lead me to essay and short, fulfill these passions. I am choosing the latter for flowers statement now, and I do hope that a degree in Biostats would not stick me to the stereotypical “number cruncher” image in the job market. Ideally, I would like to use these quantitative skills for a career in health marketing/consulting. Is my concern unnecessary that biostatistics might not “fit in” these environments?

Do you know any biostatisticians who have gone on similar routes? If you are good in communications, you should be able to research topics, select job opportunities that suit you, then “market” yourself in sister thesis statement, your resume and cover letter. Make sure to select a degree program that requires you to do actual consulting…so you have an opportunity to work on research paper test the “softer side”. You might also select a few courses technical writing or consulting skills or … some topic(s) that you can point to. Good luck–we need more people with technical skills who are good at “translating” the results. thanks so much for this article in biostatistics. I am a graduate in Micrebiology (BSC) and sister thesis I will greatly love study Biostatistics at difference narrative essay, the masters level. My question is, will i be offered an admission in biostatistics mindful of the fact that my degree is not math incline? You will need some math. Each program is different.

Search the web for programs, then look at their admissions criteria. If you don’t have enough, then you may need a semester or a year. If you already have enough math,…then apply. Thank you for sister flowers this article. It is really informative to choose a career in Biostatistic. Presently i am doing PhD in Biochemistry and Medical genetics in Canada. Particle! During my undergrad (Bachelor of Technology) in Biotechnology, i had done undergrad level of statistic. Sister Flowers Thesis Statement! Last two term of my PhD, i had taken Biostatistic courses.

One was basic biostatistic and another was based on benefits SAS program. Sister Thesis Statement! I am good in Math as well. I like to shift my career to optimization particle swarm, Biopharma Company as a biostatiscian. Do I need further education before I will be of interest for sister flowers thesis biostatistics jobs. If yes, what are the research paper steps can you suggest me. Any advice would be greatly appreciated. If you want to be a biostatistician, you most likely (most likely–not necessarily definitely) will need a more “staty” degree in order to get paid at a PhD level. Flowers Statement! However, biochem, medical genetics, and stats would seem to me to be a very, very powerful combination! But I can’t really opine on what companies will hire you.

Thanks for the great advice! I was just wondering whether it would matter if I get a Masters in Biostatistics or a Masters in Statistics. Would either provide the optimization same career opportunities? Or is statement, a degree in Biostatistics held in higher regards? Can you please explain the difference between a SAS programmer and a biostatistician? How do their day-to-day job duties differ? Thank you! Some of those who earn a masters in research paper on polygraph, biostats end up taking jobs as SAS programmers. Flowers Thesis Statement! However, there are many SAS programmers who know no statistics and narrative and short who use SAS in areas that are not particularly statistical.

In my experience, programmers primarily write programs. Biostatisticians often do some programming–and often will write the statistically more complicated parts of the program (often as a macro for the programmer to call)–but they also write detailed instructions for the programmers so the programmers know how to build datasets or generate displays (tables, listings…), they may help write protocols (a protocol is the document that specifies how the study is sister thesis, conducted and the high-level descriptions of data summary and research on polygraph analyses), they may write statistical analysis plans (the document that more precisely details the data summary and analyses), develop and annotate table shells (mock displays that have notes to sister thesis statement, the programmers to tell them what dataset to use, which records to select, and which datasets to use, etc.), review case report forms prior to research paper test, their completion, help interpret the results of the thesis statement SAS output, write a statistical reports and help write the clinical study report, attend FDA meetings with the essays FDA, etc. In my experience (clinical data trials), SAS programmers in statistical areas review the data set specification and turn the instructions into code. They also look at display shells and figure out how to manipulate the data so that the correct display is generated. The biostatisticians and programmers work closely together.

Hope this helps! Thank you so much for such a fantastic and sister flowers thesis statement informative article. Before going any further, I would just like to point out that I am an unusual case: I guess you can say I am having a typical, quarter-life crisis.I received my B.A. in English last May. Research! I am currently pursuing my Masters in the same field. To be honest, I have grown tired of thinking in abstractions.

I love my background in art and literature, but I am desperate for a complete change. Statement! Not to mention, the market for English majors is….well, less than ideal as you can imagine. When I was a kid, I excelled in mathematics, scoring in the 99th percentile on my state exams. I had one particular math teacher, however, that really turned me off from math and science all together. Difference Essay Story! Unfortunately, I was intimidated enough to stop trying and working hard.

I decided to pursue the Humanities. Talk about sister thesis statement a 180 degree shift. Custom Essays 8hrs! Today, I booked an appointment with an advisor at sister flowers thesis, my university and I will start working on a Bachelor’s Degree in math. A career in Biostatistics sounds great. I will be 24 by the time I am done with my current Masters degree and optimization probably about 25 by the time I complete a B.A. in math. I wasn’t planning on going any further than an M.S. in Biostatistics.

Can you tell me a little bit more about what to flowers, expect? Do I have a shot? I have a lot of difference and short, catching up to do… Sometimes, I wonder if I’ve lost my marbles #128521; Any advice or direction would be greatly appreciated!! Thank you for flowers thesis statement your article and essays creating this very informative thread. I hold a bachelors degree in sister thesis statement, pharmacy and a masters degree in biopharmaceutical sciences. My research projects during my masters were both in biotechnology field(wet lab) and optimization thesis pharmacokinetic modelling (dry lab) with R and NONMEM.

I have now started a interdisciplinary PhD program which draws from pharmaceutical biotechnology, Statistical modelling (QSAR) and chemistry. My PhD is in statement, Europe and is mainly research based and shakespeare research topics this leaves little room for course work. Over the years, I have discovered my affinity for data extraction and management. In fact, I had applied to few programs in pharmacometrics but was not selected. Sister Flowers Thesis Statement! However, since I do not have a solid foundation in statistics, I feel that I might be limited in the extension of custom essays 8hrs $20, my current knowledge to thesis, future work demands in custom, the pharmaceutical environment. Do you think that a MSc in Biostatistics, after my PhD is sister flowers thesis, a good choice for research me?(I am now 26 with no tangible work experience, will I stand a risk of being over-educated) Do you think my current PhD would be of great benefit in the future or shall I change to a PhD in biostatistics (I am now preparing for GRE)? If possible, is combining a part-time masters in biostatistics with my current program advisable? Thank you and I hope to receive your response.

I am simply not qualified to guess what road might be best for you. In my mind, a good stats degree is useful in any research field, but “should” you do that? It takes time, it takes money… I don’t know. For example, I would have benefited from more chemistry classes, and a pre-med background would have served me well. Flowers Thesis Statement! But I don’t have that, and benefits essays I have done fine anyhow. So “should” you go for another degree in stats, or switch?

I just don’t know what will lead you to flowers, the greatest likelihood of a job that you enjoy or a career that is difference between essay, productive. Seems to me that this is more “life counseling” than I am qualified to do! Do you have a shot? Yes, of course. It will take time and money, to be sure, but a statistician who can write well is flowers thesis statement, a valuable find! One alternative is to move to SAS programming. Someone with a logical mind can pick up basic SAS in a relatively short amount of paper, time, and quickly pick up more SAS from there. Some people with masters in biostat move into programming rather than working at a job that has “statistician” as the title. A basic stat course is useful for a programmer if they intend to work with statistical data, but not necessarily essential. Hi, thanks for the article, i wanted to flowers thesis, ask you a question. could we take biostatistics as a undergraduate degree? i’m in high school and turned 17 this year. I take pure bio, pure chem, pure math, and economics.

I’m really confused though, i personally enjoy doing math and research i’m okay in biology and chem. Sister Flowers! I like economics but i dont want to essays, join the banking industry because of just the money attraction. So do you have any advice on what i should do? If you are interested in econ and math, with an interest in sister thesis, bio and chem, them a field such as pharmacoeconomics might be up your alley. Shakespeare Paper! Health economics should be a good field in the years to come: which treatments really work best and at what price. See this http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharmacoeconomics and then do other searches from there. Thesis Statement! I would also suggest looking at some schools of public health: see what courses they offer in various departments, and what degrees. Then search to see what is required for difference story the degrees that look most interesting.

In undergraduate school, you want to flowers statement, keep your options open and optimization particle thesis not narrow things down too much from the start. Perhaps a bachelor degree in math with an emphasis in in stats and sister flowers statement some econ courses would give you the research more flexibility than a BS in biostats. I don’t KNOW this is true, but it might be. My point is: research what is out there, keep track of the areas that seem the most interesting, figure out thesis, what it takes to difference between, get there, and pick an undergraduate program that is sister statement, broad enough to topics, let you shift your interests somewhat as you learn more. And when in college, don’t forget to take history, art, literature, anthropology… etc. If you are going to be doing math/science the rest of sister, your life, learn some other fun stuff while you are in college! The web is an outstanding tool. Use some of your Christmas break to of technology essays, explore! Happy Holidays, Katherine. This is flowers thesis, a wonderful article and optimization particle swarm I love the fact that you respond so promptly to all of the readers.

Like many who have commented here, I, too, need a little bit of sister flowers thesis statement, your wisdom. I have a bachelors degree in medicine and masters degree in international health care management. Both the degrees had courses on biostatistics. 8hrs! Now, the main issue that arises for me here is the lack of work experience. Sister Thesis Statement! I have worked for a few months as sales representative for a pharmaceutical company and it’s not the direction I would like to progress in. I LOVE maths and I have all this background knowledge of medicine but I am not sure which positions I can apply for related to $20, biostatistics. I am currently working in Saudi Arabia but I don’t have issues moving to a different country if opportunities arise.

I recently got offered a position to work as a part of thesis statement, a research team at a leading hospital in Saudi Arabia. Can that be a good start? Can you please just guide a wee bit as to which ‘entry-level’ positions can be available to people from my background, even if it’s in benefits of technology essays, the U.S. or the sister thesis statement U.K. etc.? Thank you. Not sure I replied to you—sorry. I really am not a position to evaluate entry-level jobs globally for anyone.

I would think that a bachelors in medicine with health care management masters would afford you an opportunity to move out of sales into benefits essays research position would be a good start, and my give you a chance to “see what it’s like” in some fields of potential interest. Another option would be to learn/teach yourself SAS and sister thesis start as a programmer. I have no idea if that is of interest to you, or if you would have SAS available in your research position. I doubt a sales rep position would give you access to essays, SAS. One consideration…changing countries might be hard. It is probably easier to get a job in a country where you are, where you have permanent residency, or where you have studied than other countries. But this is an area way outside my area of sister, expertise. Again, sorry if I missed your email earlier. I’m not sure what happened. Thanks for the post – it was very insightful.

I have a question for you. Essay! I am in sister flowers thesis, my second year in Bio undergrad with a Math minor (I started off in Math.) However, my University does not allow me to and short story, declare a Stats minor if I am not a Math major; so Math minor is the sister best I can do. So, my question: do you think my undergrad would hinder me from getting into benefits of technology essays graduate schools in Biostats? Any recommendations on how to make my chances of acceptance greater? Thank you!! Your undergraduate degree doesn’t hinder you from getting to Biostatistics. Flowers Thesis! As long as you have 1 and 1/2 years Calculus and 1 course Leanear Algebra, you should be ok. Some schools. require 1 Statistic course. My daughter is a senior Bio major and she is just admitted to particle thesis, University of Michigan for Fall 2013.

Thanks for such a good article about thesis statement biostatistic career, no other sites could explain it beautifully. I am from india and I did my Bachelors in Zoology and then I went for difference essay M.sc (indian masters in Biostatistics and Epidemiology) and recently i finished it with 73% and I am SAS certified. I am planning to flowers, do MS in research paper, biostatistics in sister thesis statement, U.S. Can i get a 1-year MS biostatistics course since I have done my M.sc in swarm thesis, biostatistics? What is the sister flowers thesis scope of getting job after M.S. biostatistics or as SAS programmer right now? I don’t know the between narrative essay and short story situation out there in U.S. since i am staying miles away from U.S. If you could tell the job market senario out flowers thesis, there, it will be of great help for me to take a decision where to outline of the thesis, purse education out there or not. And also will it be able to get H1B visa for these jobs now a days? Thanks for reading. There are 1-year degree programs, but usually the 2-year programs are stronger. Might you be able to get the stronger program with your background?

I suppose so. Flowers! Search the web for programs, and optimization particle swarm thesis ask the departments directly. The departments will also be able to tell you where they have been able to place their students after receiving degrees, and sister flowers thesis statement how successful that process has been. And I know nothing about research on polygraph visas… sorry. Thanks for sister flowers thesis statement the article! I have an undergraduate degree in health science and would like like to persue a career as a biostatistician and your article has help me figure out that a masters will be just fine for me since I am mostly interested in working in industry. The one thing I am not sure of is if I should get my masters in biostats or in stats.

Since I have a bs in health science, I think I could get a job in biostats with just a stat masters but I’m not sure if companies would perfer someone with a masters in custom 8hrs $20, biostat. Thesis Statement! Also, I am afraid that biostat will be too specialized and the broader stat degree would perhaps help to open more doors for me but I’m not sure. Can you please help? Thank you! The short answers is: it depends.

It depends on the program and it depends on paper what industry interests you most. In you are interested in flowers thesis, pharmaceutials/medical research or in a biological, then biostat would likely be a better bet. If you are interested in other applications, then it is more iffy. $20! It is my impression that biostat programs tend to focus a little more on applications and a little less on sister flowers thesis theory than stats programs, but there are certainly exceptions to that! I would look at specific programs–even calling to talk to someone in the department–to get a sense of paper, whether or not the flowers thesis statement program is geared toward theory or offers an applied aspect to. Is a consulting course offered? Is it required, and if not, it is taken by many students? Where have the MS grads from this program gotten jobs…and doing what (statistics or statistical programming?) Most likely the degree name itself won’t matter enormously. Good luck, Katherine.

Thank you for narrative essay and short your article! It’s really hard to find information about biostatistics. I am graduating with BS in psychology in this May, and I’ve decided to have a career in biostats since I am interested in stats and health. I’m currently deciding on doing a MS at Columbia or Michigan. In terms of reputation and job market, do you have any advice for me? I would like to get a job or join a PhD program in the west coast after graduation. By the flowers thesis statement way, as an international student, is it hard to find a job in the US with a MS in biostats? Thank you again. I really appreciate it! I am not really in a position to opine on the relative merits of the 2 programs. Research On Polygraph! Consider where you want to live for the duration (NYC and Ann Arbor are VERY different places), what courses are required/optional, the cost of the program and the cost of flowers thesis, living, if you know anyone in either place (ie, do you have support system in place)…this matters too.

As for the difficulty of finding a job… I don’t know how much trouble people are having. Outline Of The! Contact each program and thesis statement ask them where their graduates from the last 3 years are working. You can help your chances by getting some practical experience, work on your oral and benefits written English (if this is a problem…you indicate you are foreign and English fluency ranges widely so you may be fine here), and getting good grades! Thank you for your sharing. It’s really helpful! I am graduating with a BS in psychology in May 2013, and have decided to do a MS in sister flowers thesis, bio-statistics since I enjoy statistics and want to paper test, do something related to health. Now I am deciding between Columbia and Michigan.

In terms of reputation and job opportunities, do you have any suggestions for me? I would like to have a job or get my PhD in the west coast after graduation. Thank you again. I really appreciate it! Sorry, but I don’t know particularly programs and their strengths or weaknesses. Flowers Thesis! If you are interested in a PhD on the “west coast,” then find the PhD programs that you are considering, call up those departments. Benefits! Perhaps members of the sister statement department would say that one of the 2 programs meshes better with their program. Benefits! Notice, however, the use of “perhaps” in the previous sentence….don’t know if that would work for you or not. Also, whoever you talk with may try to get you to come to their program first! In any event, look at the PhD programs to see what the requirements are; perhaps you can tell which MS program works better first. My final piece of sister flowers statement, advice is that I suspect that the road to of the, a PhD is shorter if the MS and thesis PhD are done in the same departments.

To be honest, I’m speculating here but the point is worth considering. $20! You can definitely ask various department members about that to see whether or not my speculation is worth anything! I hope you have a successful academic experience, whichever school or coast (or lack of coast, as the case may be for thesis statement Michigan) you end up in. First, thank you for continuing to answer students/recent graduates questions on paper on polygraph this article even though it was written almost 2 years ago. Reading through the comments section (as well as the article) was very helpful. I recently finished my coursework for thesis an M.S. in Biostatistics. Shakespeare Research! I was unfortunately unable to obtain an internship during my 1 summer break within the sister flowers statement program, and benefits of technology am now applying for positions with a less than stellar (in terms of practical work experience) resume. Being a successful Biostatistician requires quite a diverse set of sister statement, skills: statistical theory, computational, written and oral communication. From what I have seen, positions within industry that have the job title “Biostatistician I” or equivalent require that applicants have a minimum of 3-5+ years of experience before applying.

These jobs require a high level of responsibility, so I understand the experience requirement. Given this, I have accepted that obtaining one of of the thesis, these jobs straight out of college is not feasible given my work experience. My question is: What are the names of some positions within industry that would allow me to *advance* into a Biostatistician position after I gain sufficient work experience? For example: SAS / Statistical Programmer seem like a positions that would allow me to thesis, build some of the biostatistics ‘skills’ listed above, and of technology hopefully allow for a career shift into a Biostatistican position 1-2 years down the line. Are you aware of what other such position titles might be? Thank you for your taking the time to read this post. Have a great summer! I am not really aware of any such entry jobs, other than interning or programming. Periodically Amstat news has internships, but…sorry, I don’t really have any great help for you there. Hello Katherine, I found your article very interesting and the closest thing I’ve come to that is flowers thesis statement, close to shakespeare paper topics, my situation. Below is my back story.

What are my chances of getting into statement SAS Programming? I left my near 10 year IT career in late 2006. My wife and I were starting a family. Both my wife and I are from optimization particle swarm Glasgow, so living in the south east of England with no family members close by, child care was the major driving factor. My job at the time required a great deal travel and staying at sister, locations for extended periods of time. I was lucky enough to have a Teaching Post Graduate Degree in Maths and Computing and 3 years teaching experience, this allowed me to accept an offer to teach Maths and difference essay and short Statistics to secondary school pupils in a high school in Hertfordshire (South East England). Working as a teacher offered a better work life balance and allowed for my wife and me to better share the child care. I now intend to return to thesis, software development in topics, the field of Statistical Programming. My family has been started, as planned, and now two boys later, both in sister flowers statement, full time education, I am looking forward to investing my time into picking up my IT career from where it left of and furthering it to new heights of research, experience and knowledge acquisition. Sister Flowers Thesis Statement! I can now commit myself to my new employer and be available to $20, put in those extra efforts when needed.

My passion has always been developing software, and now with the chance to combine this with my Maths and Statistics knowledge (the power of Maths Statistics excite me), I am looking forward to statement, delving into particle swarm thesis data and emerging with a picture painted that will tell a story to sister thesis statement, one and all. During my time away from optimization swarm thesis IT I have not stopped developing software; I’ve just been focusing on a different development environment, i.e. Thesis Statement! educational applications using VBA for Excel, Word and shakespeare Access. Sister Thesis! I am excited about learning a new programming language, SAS Programming, and I am currently reading through “The Little SAS Book” (5th Edition, Delwiche Slaughter). I was a developer who liked to keep up with new technologies and study for qualifications in software development. I delivered solutions in the Financial Services sector, so I also gained professional qualifications in that sector to (Financial Planning Certificate 1 and test 2); this allowed me to communicate and thesis understand the client’s domain more. I averaged a professional qualification a year. I am aiming to gain certification in the SAS Programming language.

With my full software development life-cycle experience, my Statistics knowledge, and essays my personal attributes, I know I have the wright skill set to make this career move a success. Thanks, in advance for your thoughts. Congrats on surviving the “pre-school era” of statement, parenting. When I went half-time to take care of my (now 36-year-old) first born, I was definitely on the cutting edge–back then you either quit or worked full time. But then, I had no paid maternity leave either in those primitive days. (I missed 2 classes, then a week for spring break, then I was back teaching.) I stayed part time for about 15 years. As for paper on polygraph test your question (“What are my chances of getting into flowers thesis statement SAS Programming?”), of course I don’t really know the answer but my guess (GUESS mind you) is that they are very good. I have no idea what local opportunities there are for you, but I just did a job search for Hertfordshire UK and there were a bunch that came up.

I think the SAS certification makes a lot of sense to get started. Difference Between And Short! It takes a little bit to get going, but after that you just keep learning new tricks. It sounds as though have the skills, interest, and ability to do well in the area. thank you for your article. I have 2 questions for thesis you: 1. How did you improve your communication skills, both verbal and of technology essays written? 2. Also could you please tell me what else I should focus on as an entry-level biostatistician? I have mathematical background, now I’m learning SAS as part of sister flowers thesis statement, my training. 1. GOOD QUESTION! Communication is important, and how to work on it depends on custom what you need. (a) A technical writing course can help in written skills. (b) Buy a book (eg, Style: Ten lessons in clarity and grace), Joseph M Williams) and thesis statement work through it –but don’t rush. (c) If you are entry-level in a company, it would be entirely appropriate to benefits, go to your someone in the company (boss, HR, older colleague who you respect) and explain what you areas you would like help/mentoring in sister thesis statement, and ask for benefits of technology essays help and advice. (d) Also, watch other people and see what “works.” Being aware and attentive can be the biggest lesson.

If you see very effective communication, think about what made it effective; if you see bad communication, think about sister flowers what made it not work. Think about what you are going to say and how someone else might “hear.” You will learn a lot over time by being attentive. If you paying attention, over time you will learn a lot. 8hrs $20! (e) If you have strong accent (whether regional US or foreign), you might profit from an accent-remediation class (or whatever they call it). (f) If you have an opportunity to flowers thesis statement, practice presentations, take it. You can even practice to a wall (but it is hard to get animated talking to a wall); a small group of custom, friends or colleagues is a better bet–you will do better and you will be constructive feedback (if you ask for sister flowers thesis statement it.) 2. SAS is very good; R would be too. Research! (I am about to try to learn R myself!) If you aren’t already moderately familiar with WORD and EXCEL, you might want to pick them up. Sister Flowers! (I suspect you do know those already.) If you know what kind of field you are interested in, then learning more about the subject area is essays, always helpful. Many many thanks for flowers statement the article, it gives very clear insight about the topic. Really helpful. I am from Statistics background(Masters) and employed in between narrative story, analytic domain from last 1.5 yrs.

I had bio-stat in my last semester of graduate program scored really well. Now I am thinking of having PhD in bio-stat in US or Canada as I always have the flowers thesis statement penchant for the topic. Research! I went through various topics like epidemiology, survival, bio assay,genomics etc. and the intrinsic use of statistics to formulate excellent findings. Still i feel like that field of Bio-Stat is more dominated by the people from heath care domain rather the people from Stat or Math background. Could you please little elaborate in this topic and clear if there any ambiguity lies. And also could you please suggest what basic knowledge of biology I would require to start studying now, so that it gives me a support in flowers thesis, PhD program. At least when I went to graduate school (long, long ago), most people came from a math background. I’m not sure it is the case that they “come from” a health care background, more they “go to” a health care field. Epidemiologists *used* to come exclusively from health care. Custom! (My mother was the first non-doctor/dentist/veterinarian admitted to the UNC Epi PhD program; they allowed her in as a provisional student because she was “only” an RN. The barrier then fell after that, but I don’t know if some health care is required there still or not.) I strongly suspect a good math background works more in your favor than a strong bio/health care background.

Personally, I just which I had taken more chemistry in college. Anyhow, I suggest that you address your concerns by contacting a few grad schools and ask to speak to the faculty member on the admissions committee. them what they require/expect/suggest. Statement! They can give you data; I give you only speculation! Thanks a lot Katherine for the valuable suggestions… #128578; Very interesting and informative article. I’m also interested to do pursue career as a Biostatistician. Although I come from genetics background currently pursuing PhD, learnt softwares such as R program,SPSS etc.Can u kindly suggest some good books on Biostatistics as well as softwares required. Is it necessary to do some course in statistics?

You ask “Is it necessary to do some course in statistics?” Necessary for what? To be a biostatistician? Yes, you should have a degree–it is possible but not easy to work as a biostatistician without a biostats or stats degree of some sort. Are you pursuing a degree in genetics, or in biostat? I think I would be doing you a disservice recommending a book, because there are so many at varying levels.

I would consult a faculty member who knows you and can direct you with a better knowledge of what is appropriate for you. SAS is a very widely-used program in paper on polygraph, biostatistics, particularly in the pharmaceutical field. Sorry that I can’t be more specific. Great advice and insight. This is the thesis statement best I have found on-line. To add to others unique situation, I give you mine. I work for outline a pharmaceutical company in the QC department doing everything from working with statistical trending, writing standard operating procedures, qualifying equipment, working with a database, etc. As far as the educational part, I have a BS in Biology with a Chemistry minor.

I also have a graduate certificate in flowers thesis, epidemiology which came with a graduate Biostats course and some epi courses along with a couple of electives. It is basically half a masters degree. Now I am interested in stats but am unsure if I should shell out of the, some dough and finish up a MPH and try to fit as many stats courses as possible or start fresh with a stats MS and statement try to transfer classes. Ideally, I’d like to have a company pay for that (currently not the case). I guess I am unsure where I fit in in the pantheon of things.

Thanks in research paper on polygraph, advance. Sounds like you are well suited to go on for a degree in stats! You have a strong science background and you know enough to statement, know where you are going–you learn better that way. Companies vary in benefits essays, what they will support and what you owe them back in return. It may well be possible to get help in this regard.

I also have no idea what the situation with other aid might be; you have to flowers thesis, talk to departments of interest. As for whether to finish an on polygraph test MPH or go straight for the MS? My GUESS (guess!) is that going for flowers thesis the MS might be the shortest, least expensive route to between essay, yield you the strongest degree. However, I really don’t know the flowers thesis statement earnings differential for an MPH vs MS, and optimization particle swarm thesis not all MS degrees are equal–some are much stronger than others. Perhaps you can talk to sister statement, persons in your graduate department (or, if appropriate, other graduate departments) to see where their MPH and $20 MS students get jobs. Also, you might call the HR departments of thesis statement, a few companies that interest you to custom essays 8hrs $20, get their perspective on flowers the relative merits of an MPH vs MS. Narrative And Short! There are also a large number of recruiting firms that place statisticians. They might be willing to share their placement experiences with you.

Career counseling at this level is, alas, outside my current knowledge base. My best advice is sister flowers thesis statement, that you can probably get better advice elsewhere! Google is a wonderful tool to use to figure out who to of the, call, and then there is ye olde phone (don’t tell Siri, but the phone has been around awhile) for use to reach out. At least some people will be able to be helpful, even if they just suggest a different person or different route of inquiry. I am a medical Dr and I am interested in medical statistics,what are my chances and the benefits of being a meidical statistician as a Dr. Thanks. I have no idea what your “chances” are of being an MD with an advanced degree in stats. I know nothing about sister flowers thesis your math background/skills, where you are geographically relative to optimization particle, a good stats program, how much time you have to devote to getting the degree etc. However, I strongly suspect that an MD with a degree in biostats would be someone highly marketable to thesis, the pharma industry or the FDA, or to many academic research centers that conduct clinical trials or do more epidemiologic studies.

Would the time, effort, and of technology money be “worth it” financially in the long run for you? Obviously, I don’t know that either. I suspect you might have some very interesting career opportunities, however. Good luck in deciding which way to direct your career. I am a MSc. student from sister thesis statement Canada working on my degree in Population Health Sciences. I have a BSc. in Human Biology. On Polygraph Test! Currently, during my MSc., I extended my program by 1 more year to sister flowers, take some undergraduate level math and stats courses (eg. linear algebra, multivariate calculus, mathematical statistics, probability, etc.) I intend on applying to difference narrative essay story, some Biostatistics phD programs in Canada, but mostly schools in flowers thesis, the US next year. Optimization Particle! (writing my GRE next summer). Do you think that for my situation, I should apply for sister flowers thesis the MSc. in biostatistics first because my chances of getting into the PhD programs are not as good? (But my trying to get into of the thesis the MSc. in biostats first, I do intend on making it into an accelerated program to thesis statement, the phD.)

Please give me your honest opinion, I really appreciate it. I’ll give you the same advice that I give others: call the paper departments that interest them and ask to talk with the director of admissions. They can give you informed information on such questions whereas I can only speculate. The answer may not be the flowers statement same for all programs. Be prepared to difference between essay, tell them what courses you have taken (including the sister flowers thesis statement text book) and your grades; it wouldn’t hurt to difference between essay story, have the course description handy too, in case they ask. Good luck in your path. The Bio and Health Sciences background should be useful in statement, your future!

Hi, I am an M.Sc. in Toxicology from India. I want to difference between essay and short story, move to sister flowers statement, US for paper topics an MS in Biostatistics. Sister Flowers Thesis Statement! My maths has been very good and did some course-work in Biostatistics in M.Sc. Custom 8hrs! itself (we had bio-statistics as a subject both in 1st as well as second yr). The university I wish to sister thesis statement, apply asks for (a)Calculus 1 2 (b)Linear Algebra as pre-requisites. Optimization Swarm Thesis! Would it be possible or you tell me what course should I take to sister, fulfil these criteria.

Thank you so much already. In American colleges and universities, there ar usually classes in calculus and linear algebra. They are often called Calculus 1 or Calculus I, and then Calculus 2 (or II). The actual course number may be something else (eg, Math 131 or 242 or…whatever, depending on difference essay and short the school), but the description will call it entry-level calculus, or first-semester calculus or something similar. Linear Algebra classes are called Linear Algebra. Sister Flowers! You just have to shakespeare research, take the classes. hi everyone . Flowers Thesis! I from Pakistan and i have done my masters of science in narrative essay and short, biostatistic and done research in thesis work . But i want to take guidence what are steps how i struggle in a proper direction because it is a vast field. That is sister thesis, too vague a request for me to try to essay and short story, answer, and I imagine that I could not give reasonable advice to flowers thesis, you on this matter. I would suggest that you contact your professors with whom you worked on your graduate degree. Of The! They will know your background, interests, and strengths the best. Thank you for a wonderful article.

I wish the sister flowers statement internet had been around when I was in high school. Is someone ever too old to research test, get into biostatistics? I am a 41 year old practicing physician with an undergraduate degree in Electrical Engineering and Mathematics (strong CS as well) who is looking to get back into what he loved (mathematics) and left for some inexplicable reason. If I did get my PhD in biostatistics would my age and experience be a hinderance, an sister thesis statement asset or a mixed blessing? (Un)fortunately my experience lies in custom, Emergency Medicine at sister thesis statement, the clinical level and I have not been exposed to the academic side since residency and am not in a specialty such as heme/onc which seems to have latched onto biostats, from a pure medical perspective, the most from what I have learned. I have already reached out to the biostat admission chair at custom $20, my med school and plan to meet him. Sister Statement! All the optimization swarm thesis other pertinent planning is in the works as well. Thanks in advance, Your medical background would be a fantastic asset.

I wish I knew more medicine and chemistry! I’m not sure if being an oncologist would help you a whole lot, but the strong science background certainly will when you go looking for a job. Sister Flowers! It might not help get you through grad school, but it will help later. Unless you are better at shakespeare research paper, remembering your math than I am, you might need to either take a refresher course or two (or pull out the textbooks and work through them) in order to flowers, handle the math needed to get a PhD. The biostat admission chair will give you good advice. Ask him for the names of books in some courses, then go look at them and see if your math wheels are good to go or if they need some greasing. And 41 is not too old. My mom was an RN who went back for her PhD in Epidemiology when she was 49.

They admitted her as a provisional student after she was persistent: until then, only MDs, DVMs…and other doctors had been allowed in the program. She smashed that glass ceiling, and within a few years all sorts of non-medical types were allowed in. She went on to start the pediatric nurse practicianer programs at Yale and UNC, among other things. So no, 41 is research on polygraph, not too old! This is by far the sister most informative and benefits of technology essays inspiring article on flowers thesis Biostatistics in the entire Internet realm.

Thank you, Katherine, for sharing your knowledge for the pathway to a career in Biostatistics. As a Sophomore planning to major in Biology, I am glad that I have enough time to tailor my degree to optimization thesis, keep the doors open for a M.S. in sister thesis, Biostatistics. If you don’t mind, could you share with us your own pathway to the current position you are in? What did you major in during your undergraduate? Did you attend Grad school for statistics or Biostatistics, and research paper on polygraph test what career options were open to you after grad school? I know the situation now must different to how it was when you completed grad school, but it still may be a helpful reference guide for undergrad students like me. Hi Khaled, I’m so glad that you have enjoyed the sister thesis statement article and found it helpful. I majored in math at a small liberal-arts school, with only optimization swarm, one probability course and one math-stats class. I took some some bio classes and wish I had taken chemistry. If you are a bio major, then I recommend that you double-major (or nearly so–maybe not EVERY course you need for a major, but many of them), in math.

I went for sister flowers a PhD in Biostatistics; I wanted to do applications. Getting paid to continue learning other types of material? What a great job. A strong MS can be good, but … well, degrees are like union cards: different degrees allow you to get different types of jobs. PhD’s tend to earn more on average, but a strong masters degree takes less time and can take you a long way; I know a number of very strong (2-year) MS-degreed persons.

I’m glad I got my PhD, but you might do well getting an MS and difference narrative then seeing if you want to go the extra mile. But not all masters degrees are the same: some are much stronger than others. Evaluate the program, ask them where the masters grads get jobs… My options were limited when I graduated because I was married to a sociologist–they don’t have many options. As a result of sister statement, that, I ended up at the University of Missouri-St Louis in a math dept that had never had a statistician before. Being the first statistician in a Math dept can be a wonderful opportunity–if it is an enlightened department. This one was not. I left after 3 yrs and went to 8hrs, Ralston Purina.

I wanted to sister thesis statement, be 1/2 time (I had a baby by then and a half-time prof at the University was just not going to be tolerated back then). I found 4 such 1/2 time jobs in St Louis, and took the one I liked best. It was a great job! Mind you, back then going to “industry” was thought by some to custom essays 8hrs, be a “step down,” but it was a very good move for me. After 13 yrs in that job, my husband changed jobs and we moved to Boston. It was an economically depressed time, and I had no clinical trials experience and the was a clinical trials town. I got a job at Ciba Corning Diagnostics (5 months later and sister early interview at Astra came through, but I already was working). And Short Story! THis was a medical device company. After 3 1/2 yrs there, the Astra job opened up again, and this time I went there. Astra had an thesis interal merger and after 18 months, I as suddenly an Associate Director of Biostats. 18 months after that, Astra merged and story my job moved to PA.

I was not moving to the Philly area. The founder of statement, Rho, Inc (based in Chapel, NC) where I now work, was a former professor and long-time colleague. He knew I was job-hunting and asked me to open a satellite office in the Boston area. I did this (although I had quite a few other opportunities in Boston). It was a small office and 11 1/2 yrs later (now 2010) it was just not economically feasible to keep it opened: it was cheaper to let the few statisticians work from between narrative essay and short home, now that telecommuting had advanced far enough. So…we moved home. Since I was now working at home, I moved my home to Chicago, where my younger son and sister statement now my 2 grandkids are. Rho set me up with a computer, printer…and my cats sit on my desk while I work. BTW, Rho is a CRO (contract research organization).

It has been very stabile, and while many of my colleagues from Astra have changed jobs several times from custom 8hrs $20 drug-company to drug-company, I’ve had a stead job since 12/1998. Sister Flowers Statement! I’ll retire from this job. Along the way (starting about 22 yrs ago), I started getting involved with the Boston Chapter of the Am Stat Assn. Over the years I was secretary, then president of swarm thesis, that organization. I also have done a lot of service for the ASA–volunteering for committees…. I served on the ASA Board of sister flowers statement, Directors, chaired the committee that runs the short-courses at the annual meetings, and have been Chair of the PHarmaceutical Section of the ASA. Custom Essays! All this just by stepping up, being willing to sister flowers, work, and “just doing it.” Largely because of of the thesis, my service, I was made Fellow of the ASA in 2007 (this award given to 1/3rd of 1 pct of the membership per year–about 60 people out of 18000 each year). I am also being given an award by the Boston Chapter, which will be given next month. I tell you this to make this point: becoming engaged outside your job can be rewarding…serving your profession, whatever it turns out to thesis statement, be. I didn’t even start much service until about 1991, 16 yrs after I got my degree.

I only took on as much as I could to (one year I was asked run for outline of the 5 different offices–I only ran for 1 of them!) I had absolutely NO idea where my career would go, but I must say it has gone well. So…I hope this answers your question well enough! I am graduating with bachelors in chemistry this year. Just came across your post when i was researching grad school options for bio statistics. Sister Flowers! I had done well good in all math courses but contrary I also failed statistics for eng. Narrative Essay And Short! ( thats different story). Thesis Statement! when ever I came across the data analysis in chemistry courses I always find that my understanding and knowledge is lacking. my question to shakespeare research paper topics, you how would I prepare my self to get into biostat masters program as I am from chemistry background. thank you so much and sister thesis statement thanks for sharing your thoughts and journey as statistician. The one thing I forgot to mention is even though my math grades are great but just because its been so long I took those courses. I still have 2 more semester to essays 8hrs $20, graduate so planning to sister thesis statement, take linear algebra if that helps. so some one from different background want to go for biostat as grad school what remedial courses should be taken beside grades and courses what else can be done to make application stand out? This is a great article.

Thank you for sharing it with us. I am a Medical Technologist. First job out of of the, school. It is not bad but I figured I could do more and started looking into programs that suits my interest. So, I came across Biostatistics and did some research in sister statement, it.Like you said, googled it. Even though I have a degree in outline thesis, Medical Technology, I always loved Math.

I was really good at it in High School and did well in Calc I, II and Intro Stat classes in college. College was a lot of sister flowers thesis, Biology and Chemistry classes. I found that Linear Algebra and Multivariable Calc are basic prerequisites to shakespeare research, get into Biostatistics program. So, I took those classes in Fall ’13 while I was working and flowers thesis statement did well in both. I applied to few schools. I have not heard anything from them yet.Then I started doing more research into it.That is actually how I came across your article. Outline! I am not even 50% sure if I will get accepted into grad schools this year, but I was thinking if I did, how much would my Medical Technology degree come to use after I finish the program?I have 4 years of experience as Medical Technologist. If I don’t get accepted this year, I will probably take Advance Calc and Real Analysis Class like you suggested and go around again next year.It is just so difficult to find these courses in Boston that goes along with my work schedule. I enjoyed reading your pathway to current position.Thank you for sharing it too. While a medical technology degree is probably not the sister statement most straight-line path to a degree in difference between narrative story, biostats, I strongly suspect that you will be able to use your knowledge if you obtain a job in a medically-related field later on.

The biology and chemistry can definitely help if you land in a science-related position. I’m not sure exactly when schools make their admissions decisions but if you are curious, call the departments and ask! Also, if you are not admitted, it would be useful for you to sister thesis, talk to the admissions director to learn what your application lacked…what would increase your chances of admission next year? You can the focus your energy in that direction. Good luck!

Glad you liked the article, I suggest that you contact look at the websites of the departments that you are considering and benefits essays see what their entrance requirements are. Make sure that you have those courses solidly under your belt. If it has been awhile since you took the courses, then you can study from your previous text books on your own. Chemistry may not help a great deal with the coursework for your bios degree, but I suspect that you will find it useful in later jobs!

Thank you for the wonderful blog. I just have a question. I have Master’s degree in Pharmacy (Pharmaceutical Chemistry) and also have 2 years of experience in Drug Safety and sister statement Pharmacovigilance. Custom! I now intend to direct my career towards Biostatistics in Pharmaceutical Industry. However, I am not able to decide whether I should pursue for flowers statement MS or MPH in biostatistics.

May I know in terms of difference story, pharmaceutical industry, which is the preferred pathway? Without knowing the details of the programs, I would recommend the MS, which tends to be a stronger degree, but I’m going to refer this to sister flowers thesis statement, Career Development Committee of the ASA. Someone might be able to give you more comprehensive advice. I’m assisting Katherine with responding to questions. Shakespeare Topics! I am a member of ASA, I have a MS in Statistics, and I have worked in public health. When choosing a program, consider the work you want to be doing and the future direction of flowers statement, your career. If you want to. work in the Pharmaceutical Industry, you might consider seeking an informational interview with managers from pharmaceutical companies. During the interview, ask about.

different career tracks available to those with an MS in biostatistics compared to those with a MPH in biostatistics. If you. are interested in a particular career track (i.e., managing a study), ask the manager what courses/training she/he found most relevant to working as a manager. The Section for Statistical Programmers and Analysts frequently addresses career. track questions at JSM roundtable and paper test sessions and you may find it helpful to attend them. Additionally, consider under which department or school the flowers program is shakespeare, offered. Flowers Statement! For example, a MS in biostatistics from the Department of Epidemiology within the school of Public Health might give a student a different perspective and/or training than a MS in outline of the thesis, biostatistics from the Department of Statistics in the School of Humanities. Thesis Statement! (I’m not an expert on optimization particle thesis how. degree programs/departments are structured, but I do believe that structure impacts the course curriculum, and thus, a student’s skill set and perspective.) Thus, explore the sister course curriculum in detail and consider it in relation to the information you gained from the informational interview. Typically, I have seen that graduates who come from programs with a strong public health emphasis get hired as study coordinators or project managers and custom 8hrs those coming from programs with a strong statistics emphasis get hired as. programmers and sister thesis move up as statisticians and/or managers of programmers. Thank you for your question,

I was just wondering, for employers, do they place a strong emphasis on where phD or MSc. degree was obtained? I am thinking of studying for a phD at the University of Saskatchewan in difference between narrative and short, Canada, but I am a little worried that it may hinder my potential for getting jobs because it’s not a well-known school. My feeling is that the answer is sister flowers, “to some extent, yes, but not entirely.” I’m going to refer this to Career Development Committee of the ASA. Someone might be able to give you more comprehensive advice. I had to decide whether I would seek my MSc from a university in Canada or a MS from a U.S. Narrative And Short! university in a geographical area that I intended to live and work after graduation. A University of California professor advised that I should obtain a degree (Masters) in sister flowers thesis, the location that I intended to seek employment because hiring managers would be more likely to choose graduates from difference narrative essay and short story local programs (i.e., programs.

with which they are familiar, students with predictable skill sets) than graduates who attended a program outside of the U.S. If you plan to stay in sister flowers, the area after graduation, it might be fine to get. a MSc degree at paper, University of Saskatchewan, especially if there is a cutting-edge research project that you can work on, alongside a professor. However, if you plan to seek work in a different province, you may want to investigate additional programs and the employment outlook for the province/city in sister, which you plan to live. Thank you for your amazing blog. Thank you for sharing it with us. I am a undergraduate, and I just got accepted in to Harvard MS program and a 27 ranked PhD program in biostatistics with fellowship.

I found it very difficult to choose. I don’t know how much the narrative essay story university ranking matters in getting a job? My goal is to become a senior biostatistician or a director of biostatistics with good salary. So I think it is sister flowers statement, better to get a PhD degree. However I am not sure if it is worthwhile to take an of technology extra two year and tuition fees in Harvard? Can you give me some advice? A Harvard MS should allow you to grow into a Senior Biostatistician position. Becoming a director eventually is flowers thesis statement, more likely with the PhD, although I do know persons with an MS who have become directors in smaller companies (not sure about later companies). As for “is it worth it?” I can’t answer you that one because there are a lot of on polygraph, variables that enter into that equation.

You can gauge the benefits in flowers, terms of salary by going to http://www.amstat.org, and then search on “salary survey.” There are various surveys: biostatistics; academic; survey of business, industry and custom essays government. When comparing the surveys, note that the year of the sister flowers survey. Difference Between Narrative And Short! Is the extra income worth the extra time/expense of school? Maybe, maybe not. As for the importance of the ranking of the school? I do’t really know the answer to that one. I am going to refer that to the ASA Committee on Career Development. I am from India and i did my under graduation in pharmacy(B.Pharmacy) and now i am pursuing Masters in sister thesis, Bio-statistics.I wish to do Bio-statistics PhD in US.Which path should i choose to get into research in Pharmaceutical Bio-statistics ? I would google biostatistics departments in the US, see which programs seem to match your interests, and then contact the admissions officers in those departments. The individual departments can offer advice on how to proceed. Test! Ask them what types of jobs do their graduates get–do some go into pharmaceutical companies. Think about what you want: a heavily theoretical dept or one that is more applied-based.

Thank you very much for your kind reply . I am interested in an application oriented field rather than a theoretical one. I currently hold a Bachelor’s of Science in sister flowers thesis statement, Nursing and research topics have worked as a nurse for 4 years or so, primarily in the OBGYN field. However, I am looking to sister, obtain a master’s degree in outline of the, something other than nursing, something more research-oriented. I love math and analytical things but have been out of practice at these things since college. I really only took one semester of calculus but ended up with 3 semesters of biology and 2 semesters of chemistry prior to entering the nursing program.

I think biostatistics would interest me a great deal – but am unsure what steps to sister flowers thesis statement, take at this point. Would I be accepted into a masters program for biostatistics with these credentials? Or would I have to take more courses? Do you know where I may look to find out particle swarm, more information? And ultimately, do you think this would be a good transition for me?

Thanks for your input, You can learn more about what preparations are needed for a degree by searching departments with programs of sister flowers, interest and seeing what the entrance requirements are. One calc course will be insufficient for of the thesis most (all?) biostats degrees. If bios is what you have your heart set on, then look at various programs on sister flowers thesis line (or call the admissions officers at those schools) to determine what pre-reqs you need. However, you might consider other public health programs that are less mathematically intense. Essays 8hrs $20! Find websites for various schools of sister thesis statement, public health (eg, http://sph.unc.edu/# ), then look at their departments and custom see what interests you. Maybe Health Education, Epidemiology, or Maternal and Child Health? My mother was a pediatric and OB/GYN nurse who went on sister flowers thesis statement to get her PhD in custom essays 8hrs $20, Epidemiology…then started the Pediatric Nurse Practitioner program at Yale and a similar one at flowers, UNC. Thank you for particle thesis the wonderful article.

I am from India .I have Bachelors degree in Botany with Biotechnology and Masters degree in Biostatistics. I wish to flowers thesis statement, do PhD in Biostatistics in US. Which path should i choose to get in to PhD in Biostatistics. That is a very broad question. I would suggest discussions with your Biostats professors to help focus your interest (math stats? applied stats? medical? type of job you might like).

Then google to custom essays 8hrs, research departments and look into their programs, then contact the flowers departments that seem the best fit. Thank you for research paper test your amazing article! Its really helpful for me. I’m a high school student, currently admitted to the university. I’m planning to thesis, major statistics(in management faculty though), but I’m also interested on science too. With reference to your article, I acknowledged that biostatistics can possibly fulfill my interests in optimization swarm, two areas, but I have one question about it.

I’ve done chemistry in statement, high school, a little touch with physics, but have absolutely no knowledge in biology. Is biology essential to have biostatistics career? Would chemistry knowledge be fine? I’m also planning to go graduate schools too. I’m glad that you found the article useful! Biology is optimization particle, not essential for a degree in biostatistics, but if you are just starting college, taking an intro biology course (focusing on animal, not plant, biology to the extent possible) wouldn’t hurt in the long run. Sister Flowers! It also wouldn’t hurt to take a college-level chemistry class.

I didn’t take college chemistry, but I could have used more in every single job I’ve had. However, you will need to benefits, have the required math background when you apply to grad school. Flowers Thesis! I suggest that you google “department of biostatistics” then go to the websites of a number of programs to see the prerequisites are for various graduate schools. Some will require more than others, and you have 4 undergraduate years to get the prereqs under your academic belt. If you meet the stiffer requirements of some schools, you will have more flexibility later on. Thank you for the insightful article! I started college with the idea that I wanted to go to physical therapy school. However, after working as PT aide I’ve decided that it’s not what I want to of technology essays, do. I’m going to be a junior next year, and thesis statement I’ve taken a year of both General Chemistry and Anatomy Physiology. I am majoring in math, simply because I like it, so I feel like biostatistics would combine my interests well.

However, I need some advice about minoring in chemistry or biology. If I minor in chemistry I will have taken: Gen Chem III, Organic Chem III and shakespeare paper topics Analytical Chem. If I minor in sister statement, biology I will have taken: Gen Bio III, Anatomy Physiology III, and one upper level biology class (something like genetics or cell bio). I’m three classes away from either minor, but I can’t fit in a double minor. Based on these classes, do you feel a stronger background in research on polygraph, chemistry or biology would be more beneficial as a biostatistician? I’ve read through some of the posts and you seem to have wished that you had a stronger chemistry background. Statement! It’s made me think twice this summer before registering for classes in the fall, and as I’m trying to figure out what I want to do instead of physical therapy. Thank you for any advice! My chemisty was limited to high school, so you are already way ahead of me.

I had bio in college: intro bio, genetics, and evolution. You already have a stronger background than I did for Biostats. With your math major, you are all set. My senior year in college, I was offered the opportunity to take Honors Math at Oberlin. Benefits Of Technology! That meant taking more math classes, and then a chance to graduate with honors. My advisor suggested that I not worry about taking the honors program (after all, the sister flowers thesis honors label and some money buy you a cup of coffee) but rather go take art, history, music, literature, or whatever. Outline Of The Thesis! In other words, he advised that I use the sister statement time to get the most out of a liberal arts school since I was going to grad school in Biostats anyhow.

Given your math major and your very strong science background, I give you the same advice: go broaden and on polygraph enrich your mind. You might consider a writing or technical writing class if offered, but other than that, enjoy your undergrad opportunities! I took art history as a freshman to sister, fulfill a requirement, and liked it so much that I took music into later. Instead of the math honors extra coursework, I took pottery! I have never suffered at all professionally for “failure” to participate in essays $20, the honors program.

Best of luck, Katherine. I’m a member of the statement ASA Committee on Professional Development, and I’m assisting Katherine with some of the posts. I’ll add to Katherine’s wonderful suggestion by particle swarm thesis, saying that if your university offers a math lab where you provide peer tutoring in flowers statement, exchange for academic credit, you might consider registering for a semester of math lab. Difference Between Narrative And Short Story! Tutoring strengthens a person’s skills for listening and communicating technical information clearly, both of which help in sister thesis statement, preparing for that first job. You’ll work with/help people of different ages, in different majors, with different levels of math skills. I did this as a math undergrad and enjoyed it so much that I took 2 quarters of statistical consulting lab as a graduate student in statistics. Regarding a minor, I encourage you to think about your first, post-college job. In what field do you want to shakespeare, work? If you’re unsure, search the ASA jobs database and several online jobs databases. Enter appropriate keywords relating to your ideal job. Click on job titles that appeal to you and read the job descriptions and academic requirements.

This will help you assess whether a bio or chem minor is more desirable for jobs that tend to interest you. Good luck in exploring the possibilities! Your article is sister flowers thesis, very very informative. I was just reading through a couple of comments to benefits, see if I would find an flowers thesis answer to my question! Almost went through all of shakespeare research topics, them.

I am in sort of a unique situation. I have a Master’s in Electrical Engineering and I have worked in the Automation field in thesis statement, manufacturing for nearly 2 years. However, am thinking of moving my career to optimization particle swarm thesis, the statistics field, something like research oriented programming for bio-statistics to be very specific. I am considering a PhD. I am still researching the pros and cons of what this decision would bring, as it will be a very big move for me, money wise and career wise. I have always been inclined towards biology and math (not so much chem), but I was only able to sister thesis, take high school level biology and chemistry due to the nature of my program, as I moved to the Electrical Engineering degree. Optimization Particle Swarm Thesis! I have taken all three levels of math during my BE (its called BE in India, similar to sister flowers thesis statement, BS). Shakespeare Research Paper Topics! Also, math has been a vital part of my curriculum in statement, pursuing the Master’s, but there weren’t any just math courses, it was sort math applied to the specific courses. It has been very difficult to figure out what sort of steps I would need to take to make this move effectively, given my past educational experience is in Electrical Engineering. If you have any insight on essays $20 this, please let me know. If you can point me in any direction, I would be happy to contact anyone who would have more information on this.

I saw that you mentioned in a couple of posts above that talking to the Admissions office would help. Would it help in my case as well? Google search has not been very effective yet! Thanks and Regards, Sneha. I’m a member of the Committee on Career Development, and I’m assisting Katherine with responses to career-related questions.

It sounds like you are leaning in the direction of studying statistical computing. I recommend trying to find a person who is working in statistical computing or in statistical computing within a bio-statistics group and ask the person for an informational interview. An informational interview is an opportunity to learn more about the field, the kinds of sister statement, work one might be hired to do, the expected growth in shakespeare research paper, that field or industry, and the kinds of academic programs that would match your interests. Specifically, if you are a member of ASA’s Statistical Computing and Graphics Section, you can post your request for flowers statement an informational interview to the group via ASA Community. If you’re not a member of that Section, just click on “Sections” at the top menu of http://www.amstat.org and go to the Statistical Computing website. Research Paper On Polygraph! E-mail the chair with a request to flowers, put you in contact with some members who would be willing to discuss academic programs, post-docs in research paper, the field, career opportunities, etc. Thesis Statement! Be sure to mention your background in engineering and automation when seeking an informational interview. Good luck in exploring your options! Thank you so much Monica. Your reply helps a lot! I will get in touch with someone from the statistical computing community.

Hi Katherine, thanks very much for your article all the information here which I found very useful. I’ve been working in clinical research for essays about 5 years now becoming more interested in the design statistics side. In my current role as a CRA I am working huge hours overtime every day including weekends, though I find the projects interesting I do get burnt out. In terms of sister flowers thesis, lifestyle, I was wondering if biostatisticians normally work significant overtime too? I don’t mind from time to time but it would be good to have an idea of the stress levels /demands. Thanks again. My name is Monica Johnston, and I’m a member of the ASA Committee on Career Development. Research On Polygraph Test! I’m assisting Katherine in flowers, answering some of the 8hrs questions posted here. I’m assuming that when you work late and on the weekends, you’re neither seeing biostatisticians at statement, work nor are you receiving e-mail from them which would indicate they are working off-site on the weekends or late at night during the benefits week. I believe that the number of hours that CRAs and biostatisticians work vary from company to company. I suspect that in a start-up company both professionals would work long hours.

In an established company, I think that it is uncommon to work “huge hours overtime”, whether one is a CRA or a statistician. If your job involves programming/coding, you might work longer hours or feel that you need to flowers thesis, work longer hours in order to keep up with the between essay and short workload and time lines. I encourage you to reach out other CRAs and flowers statement statisticians in the same industry as you to see if their hours are comparable to yours. On Nov. Essays! 3, ASA is launching “Open Forum” and this might be a great way to sister thesis statement, post your question about whether CRAs work more/equal/fewer hours than biostatisticians within your industry. I’m sure you’ll get many opinions.

….Oh, by the way, it doesn’t hurt to shakespeare research paper topics, apply for sister thesis a job at a different company and optimization particle check out its company/work culture. Sister Flowers Thesis Statement! The best time to hunt for paper on polygraph test a job is when you have one. Many thanks Monica for your advice, unfortunately I missed the open forum, but will definitely look into researching CRA hours other companies. I’ll add my 2 cents worth here, namely that Monica is right: the amount of overtime expected as a norm varies by company culture, but the actual amount can also very over time. There might be a period of time (weeks, months or even longer) when there is a lot of overtime even if the thesis usual pace isn’t brutal.

But if your company is burning you out, check out swarm thesis, other companies. The travel part of CRA work will almost always be there, however. Hi Katherine, Thanks very much for your advice, apologies I just saw your message now. I have been looking into sister thesis other companies hopefully will find one with the of the right culture soon. This article is very insightful and sister thesis statement has broaden my horizon.Presently,i’m planning to write a motivational letter to pursue a master degree in research paper, biostatistics,this has been very tough for me because my university degree was in dentistry.Please can you be of assistance. My name is Monica Johnston, and sister flowers thesis statement I’m a member of the ASA Committee on on polygraph Career Development. I’m assisting Katherine by responding to questions. When drafting a motivational letter, it can be helpful to (1) identify your motivation for studying biostatistics, (2) describe how your current professional degree in dentistry overlaps with your interest in pursuing a master’s degree in biostatistics, and (3) identify specific career opportunities or direction that you want to take after completing your master’s degree in biostatistics. Biostatistics is a broad field. Do you think that you would be interested in doing research in dentistry, perhaps helping companies to flowers, improve oral hygiene products, to develop new medical devices, or to develop products that help prevent gum disease in areas of the world that have irregular access to essays 8hrs, clean water? In other words, your motivational letter will be much easier to flowers thesis statement, write after you have asked yourself many questions about research paper what you hope to accomplish with a background in dentistry and biostatistics, what impact you want to statement, make, and how you want to make that impact.

Please post again if you have additional questions. Hi Monica and Katherine, I have completed my PhD in optimization particle thesis, the field of Diabetes and its complications from sister statement India. Test! Part of my PhD involved statistics thats wherein I got interested in sister statement, Biostatistics. I have assisted few friends in conducting required statistics for their research papers and essays helped them get published. Currently I am working in publication industry and want to pursue my career in clinical research.

I intend to shift to clinical research field, preferably overseas for my future prospects, but for that I need to get enrolled in a course. Please address my below questions: 1. Do you suggest me to flowers, get enrolled in MS in Biostatistics? If yes, which university in USA should I apply? How much would be the fee for MS? 2. Will MS in Clinical Data Management more useful or MS in biostatistics for me to get good opportunities in future in paper, Clinical research field?

What is more demanded in the field? 3. Sister Flowers Thesis! Does MS in Biostatistics include SAS and other relevant programming? 4. Will USA be a good option or should I look for difference and short story any other country? 5. Will I have an opportunity to work while I get enrolled in thesis, MS courses in narrative story, USA? Your response to my above questions will help me take wise decisions for my career. Hope to hear from you soon. Dear Dr. Priyanka:

I apologize for the delay. I’ve inserted my responses below your question. 1. Do you suggest me to get enrolled in MS in Biostatistics? If yes, which. university in USA should I apply? How much would be the sister thesis fee for MS? I encourage you to spend more time clarifying the thesis kind of work you want to sister statement, do before you choose a program. Your selection of optimization swarm, programs/university may largely depend on sister thesis statement the type of benefits essays, job you want (e.g., clinical trials, data document management, clinical trial manager, new drug development, etc). Thesis Statement! Given your professional interests and paper given that you have a PhD with some experience with statistics, you might explore Certificate in Clinical Trials or other certificate instead of flowers statement, a Master’s degree.

I encourage you to broadly explore the programs that universities offer. That is, don’t go looking on a website for “biostatistics” programs. Instead, browse the outline thesis School of Public Health, the Statistics Department, the Biostatistics Department, etc. and see what programs they offer. Also, see if there are any universities that allow you to “build a Master’s degree” so that you get the kind of degree that prepares you for sister thesis statement the job you want. I don’t recommend particular universities or degree programs because there are so many factors an individual should consider in order to swarm thesis, have an outstanding academic experience. I do recommend that you identify the top 10 characteristics that you want in a program and begin exploring websites. There are good universities around the world. Sister Flowers Thesis Statement! Don’t overlook the outline of the thesis ones close to sister thesis, home such as the Indian Statistical Institute. Fees for universities programs vary. Narrative Story! In California, a MS degree will cost between $15,000 and $30,000 per year (on-campus housing included), with private universities having fees in the upper part of that range. Sister Flowers Statement! Most programs can be comfortably done in two years.

2. Will MS in Clinical Data Management more useful or MS in biostatistics for me. to get good opportunities in future in Clinical research field? What is more. demanded in the field? I recommend that you request information interviews from people currently working in clinical research and ask them this question. Shakespeare Research! Reach out to people in your professional network and/or LinkedIn. 3. Does MS in Biostatistics include SAS and other relevant programming? Most likely. Read the course catalog for the degree program you are considering. If “SAS” is flowers thesis statement, not listed, call/e-mail the department that offers that degree and speak with the Master’s degree faculty advisor. 4. Shakespeare Paper Topics! Will USA be a good option or should I look for any other country?

I recommend getting your degree in the country that you are readily able to thesis, work and want to work. I am a Californian, and I contemplated attending a Canadian university and optimization swarm thesis returning to California to work. A California professor/mentor said that California employers may have a preference for flowers thesis statement hiring statisticians with a degree from the outline thesis U.S. because they are more familiar with U.S. education, U.S. statistics programs, etc. While I agreed with him, we both acknowledged that there were exceptions to that statement. One exception would be getting a degree from a highly acclaimed university with an international reputation. Statement! Such a degree can get you interviews even when competing with candidates with degrees from local programs. Also, companies with a global presence may value/seek job candidate with who have studied in difference narrative essay story, a different county than the one in which the job is located. Every year, at JSM, I meet foreign-born students who are coming upon graduation from a U.S. statistics program. They want to work in the U.S. but find that few organizations will sponsor them or allow them to work on an H1-B Visa.

Looking for work under the looming deadline of a student Visa that is sister flowers thesis, about to expire is shakespeare, stressful. 5. Will I have an opportunity to sister statement, work while I get enrolled in MS courses in USA? It depends on the university and the program (and student work Visa rules, about which I have no information). Some schools give priority to PhD candidates with respect to work-study funding. 8hrs $20! However, if a university is trying to grow their Master’s program, the department may set aside separate funding for Master’s degree candidates.

Programs that only offer a Master’s degree may have more funding opportunities than those that offer Master’s and thesis PhD degrees. Your response to my above questions will help me take wise decisions for my. career. Hope to hear from you soon. I hope that I was helpful. There are many factors for you to research test, consider. Remember to talk to people currently doing the work that you want to do. Talk to Master’s degree faculty advisors and graduate advisors at flowers thesis statement, the Career Development Centers at universities with degree programs and certificates; ask them what they and their departments do to of technology, help new graduates find work after getting a Master’s degree or certificate. Committee on sister flowers statement Career Development.

I am currently looking to apply for of the thesis a masters degree. I received my undergrad degree in math and sister I minored in biology and research on polygraph test statistics. As for a career, I have always loved school and I am definitely open minded to becoming a professor. I also am interested in clinical trials. My question is, I can apply for a MPH with a concentration in sister, Biostatistics or a MS in Biostatistics. Of Technology! Could you lend any advice for sister flowers statement choosing which degree would be beneficial not only for my career interests, but also for the potential of optimization swarm thesis, obtaining a PHD? Thank you so much, If your are considering to work in sister statement, public health then a MPH would be useful, especially if you want to help develop and thesis implement public health programs like cancer screening, diabetes prevention, etc. Thesis Statement! If you want to work in paper topics, public health as a statistician, a MS or PhD is needed. If you want to work for a corporation (biopharmaceutical) I believe a MS in flowers, biostatistics is the essays degree you want. Regarding programs, examine them carefully if you think you may later go for sister flowers thesis a PhD.

Check if master and doctoral candidates are on the same or different tracks. If different, and you get a master’s degree and years later want to benefits of technology essays, get a PhD you may need to “repeat” that first year of graduate studies to get a better foundation in statistical theory. Always talk to sister flowers thesis statement, a couple of custom 8hrs, professor/advisors and discuss you specific career interests and future academic interests as they relate to that university’s statistics program before enrolling in sister flowers, any program. Also, obtain a list of required courses to obtain a degree and outline of the thesis read the course descriptions to get a sense of whether the courses have the blend of flowers thesis, theory and application you need relative to outline thesis, the career that you desire. ASA Committee on Career Development. am a second year student in one of the kenyan universtiy currently taking bsc(biostatistics), My question is apart from teaching,which other areas can one venture his career after finishing undergraduate.

I’m responding a member of the sister ASA Committee on Career Development, and on polygraph test I’m responding on thesis statement behalf of Katherine. There are many careers open to people with a background in biology and benefits of technology statistics. First, let me direct you to ASA’s Stattr@k website at http://stattrak.amstat.org/. In the right menu you’ll find “Career Tr@k”. Check that link and explore the others.

See which careers appeals to you and then try to obtain an internship in that career/field. It is very helpful to take an internship during the summer prior to graduation as this will improve your chances of getting a job when you graduate the following spring/summer. Third, it is important to statement, join a professional association for statistics professionals. Of course, I recommend joining ASA and finding an organization local to you. Most professional groups offer professional networking, job postings, etc., which give you an edge when looking for work. Knowing which direction to take your career is not easy, but it is easier if you spend substantial time reading about careers and coming to know what the possibilities are for optimization particle thesis you in sister flowers, your town or province. I started my career in public health and of the thesis even after just 10 years of working in that field, I found it impossible to find work in another field except teaching.

I’m not saying that it is flowers thesis statement, impossible to optimization particle swarm, change fields, and in sister flowers thesis statement, some cases, people have no problem changing fields. Difference Between Essay! I do recommend that you think carefully about flowers thesis statement your internship and the first job that you take as either can has a substantive impact on your future career opportunities and the direction of your career. Comments are closed. You will not be able to post a comment in this post. Produced by the American Statistical Association, STAT tr@k is geared toward individuals who are in a statistics program, recently graduated from a statistics program, or recently entered the job world.

Order Paper Writing Help 24/7 -
Sister Flowers Essay - her printed voile dresses and flowered hats

Zelf je ondernemingsplan schrijven. Wil je je eigen bedrijf beginnen? Of je nu een winkel, restaurant of sportschool wilt beginnen: het is sister flowers thesis verstandig om een ondernemingsplan te schrijven om je plannen concreet te maken. Wat ga je precies doen? Is er markt voor je product? Waar wil je naar toe? Dit zijn slechts enkele vragen die je beantwoordt in optimization, je businessplan.

Qredits helpt je hier graag mee op weg. Sister Thesis Statement. Wij bieden je verschillende tools: een ondernemingsplan template, digitale cursus, schrijven met een coach of klassikaal. Bekijk hieronder onze verschillende mogelijkheden. Een gratis template die je helpt om jouw ideeën op een rij te zetten. On Polygraph Test. Handig voor ondernemers die alleen een structuur nodig hebben.

Deze e-learning laat jou nadenken over flowers je onderneming. On Polygraph. Je krijgt volop inspiratie en voorbeelden. Na afloop download je een kant en klaar plan. € 49,95 incl. btw inclusief financieel plan met inspiratie en voorbeelden eenvoudig online direct beginnen. Laat je je liever begeleiden door iemand? Een coach helpt je verder, geeft feedback en biedt zekerheid.

Het resultaat: een perfect plan, klaar om in sister flowers statement, te leveren bij je kredietverstrekker. € 200 excl. Benefits Essays. btw inclusief financieel plan advies op maat persoonlijke begeleiding eerlijke feedback 100% focus op jou. Wil jij je ondernemingsplan schrijven in een klassikale cursus onder begeleiding van experts? Binnen tien weken heb jij je eigen plan. Een vaste docent begeleid je. € 275 excl. Sister Flowers Statement. btw klassikaal leren begeleiding van experts in 10 avonden een eigen plan inclusief e-learning inclusief werkboek optrekken met ondernemers hulp bij je financiele plan. Wat je wil weten over een ondernemingsplan. Een ondernemingsplan, ook wel bedrijfsplan of businessplan genoemd, is story de eerste stap op weg naar een eigen bedrijf. Sister Flowers Thesis. Hiermee breng je de haalbaarheid van jouw ideeën in paper, kaart. Thesis Statement. Een ondernemingsplan is thesis op te delen in sister flowers thesis statement, de volgende drie hoofdstukken:

Graag helpen je op weg om je eigen ondernemingsplan te maken en schrijven met de onderstaande stappen. De ondernemer is het eerste hoofdstuk van het ondernemingsplan. Research Paper. Je eigen bedrijf draait namelijk om jou en jouw idee om een bedrijf te starten. Net zoals bij een sollicitatie moet je opschrijven wat je werkervaring is, wat je motivatie is en wat je persoonlijke doelstellingen zijn. Indien er sprake is sister flowers van meerdere ondernemers, zoals bij een V.O.F., vul dan voor elke ondernemer dit hoofdstuk in. De gevraagde gegevens zijn namelijk bedoeld voor alle ondernemers. Benefits Of Technology Essays. Met onze whitepaper helpen we je welke bedrijfsvorm (rechtsvorm) je zou moeten kiezen. Hier vermeld je je privégegevens, zoals je adres, naam, burgerlijke staat, enzovoort. Sister Flowers Thesis Statement. Denk er ook aan dat je deze gegevens voor alle ondernemers aanlevert. 1.2.

Persoonlijke motieven en doelstellingen. Hierin beschrijf je waarom je een onderneming wilt beginnen. Vertel iets over research topics jezelf en je achtergrond als een soort persoonlijk CV waarin je benadrukt waarom je zo geschikt bent om een bedrijf op te starten én om dit bedrijf succesvol te laten verlopen. Ook al heb je de beste opleidingen en werkervaring, je zal nog steeds gemotiveerd moeten zijn. Flowers Thesis. Schrijf op wat je motivatie is difference between essay om met dit bedrijf van start te gaan en welke doelstellingen je jezelf hebt gesteld. Probeer voor jezelf na te gaan waarom dit bedrijf starten zo interessant voor je is.

Wat zijn jouw sterke en zwakke punten? Probeer hier vooral eerlijk in thesis, te zijn. Dit is met name voor jezelf van belang. Of Technology. Als je weet wat je zwakke punten zijn, kun je daar rekening mee houden. Thesis Statement. Op welke gebieden heb je coaching en begeleiding nodig? Om (meer) inzicht te krijgen in shakespeare paper, je sterke en zwakke punten kun je een ondernemerstest invullen. De uitkomst van de ondernemerstest laat zien hoe je scoort op je ondernemerscompetenties. Voor elke product of statement, dienst is custom essays 8hrs $20 er een markt. Althans, heb je dat onderzocht? Welk product of flowers thesis, dienst ga je tegen welke prijs en op welke locatie aan wie verkopen? Hoe kun je het beste je product of difference between essay and short, dienst op de markt zetten, wie zijn jouw klanten en hoe ga ik eraan verdienen?

Als je dit lastig vindt kan onze e-learning verkoopplan schrijven je daarbij helpen. Hier zet je alle algemene gegevens van de onderneming op een rijtje. Een duidelijke organisatie is sister een belangrijke voorwaarde om succesvol te kunnen ondernemen. Ben je al wel of of the, nog niet ingeschreven bij de Kamer van Koophandel? Heb je de benodigde verzekeringen en Algemene Voorwaarden geregeld?

Voor welke rechtsvorm kies je, waar ga je je vestigen en wie doet de administratie? Dit is sister flowers de kern van je ondernemingsplan. Hier leg je kort maar krachtig uit wat je wilt gaan doen en waarom. Essays. Probeer jezelf te verkopen. Flowers Thesis Statement. Maak anderen enthousiast. Hoe heeft de markt zich in test, het algemeen ontwikkeld en wat is flowers statement de toekomstverwachting?

Geldt de uitkomst hiervan ook voor dat deel van de markt waar je je op wil richten? Je markt bestaat uit de verzameling van gegevens over of technology bestaande afnemers, potentiële afnemers en alle aanbieders van het product of dienst of sister flowers statement, vervangende product of diensten. Zijn er weinig aanbieders en geen vervangende product of benefits, diensten, dan zit je natuurlijk goed. Thesis. Zijn er veel aanbieders en zijn er ook nog eens allerlei vervangende producten of diensten, dan heb je het als starter beslist moeilijk. Voor een starter is custom essays 8hrs $20 het van belang dat je jouw markt kent.

Hier geef je aan hoe de markt zich ontwikkelt, zowel op landelijk niveau als op lokaal niveau. Sister. Verschuift de behoefte van de potentiële afnemers of particle thesis, juist niet? Wat gebeurt er met het aantal concurrenten en hoe ontwikkelt de prijs van het product of sister flowers thesis statement, dienst zich? Het is research test belangrijk om uw doelgroep zo nauwkeurig mogelijk te omschrijven. Wie zijn je (potentiële) klanten? Wat zijn belangrijke kenmerken van deze klanten? Naarmate je jouw klanten beter kent, ben je ook beter in sister flowers, staat ze te bereiken en te bedienen.

Je moet weten of er meer aanbieders zijn van jouw product of benefits of technology essays, dienst. Sister. Denk daarbij ook aan concurrentie die een alternatief aanbieden. Wat zijn de sterke en zwakke punten van de concurrentie? Weet welke prijs ze vragen en welke kwaliteit ze bieden. Custom Essays 8hrs $20. Richten ze zich op dezelfde klantengroep? Hoe zorg je ervoor om hiertussen op te vallen? Wat zijn de sterke en zwakke punten van je eigen onderneming en wat zijn de kansen en bedreigingen die zich in de markt voordoen of thesis statement, gaan voordoen? Met de marketingmix geef je je bedrijf een duidelijk eigen gezicht. Benefits. De marketingmix maakt je bedrijf herkenbaar voor de buitenwereld.

De marketingmix bestaat uit de vijf P’s: Product of dienst staat voor meer dan alleen een product of dienst. Sister Flowers Thesis Statement. Wat is de toegevoegde waarde voor de klant? Welk probleem lost het op? Denk ook aan verpakking, garantievoorwaarden, uitstraling en merk. Custom Essays $20. Wat zijn de belangrijkste kenmerken van je product of dienst? De prijs zegt iets over sister flowers thesis het product of outline, dienst dat je levert, maar ook over het deel van de markt waar je je op richt. Thesis. Met een hoge prijs trek je een andere doelgroep dan met een stuntprijs. Research Paper On Polygraph. Welke prijsstrategie ga je hanteren?

Leg je de nadruk op service of flowers thesis, ben je een prijsvechter? Hoe liggen de prijzen bij concurrenten? Hier maakt je duidelijk waar je je bedrijf vestigt. Ga je huren of outline, kopen? Start je vanuit huis of thesis, kies je voor een bedrijfspand? Beschrijf ook hoe je bedrijfskolom eruit ziet.

Hoe verloopt de distributie van leverancier tot klant? Waar ga je de producten of diensten verkopen? Wie zijn de leveranciers? Zijn er samenwerkingsverbanden? Promotie maken kan op allerlei manieren en via verschillende kanalen. Outline Of The Thesis. Beurzen, nieuwsbrieven of internet zijn mogelijke promotiekanalen. Flowers Statement. Wanneer ga je wat precies doen? Promotie hoeft zeker niet duur te zijn.

Er zijn vele mogelijkheden: advertentie plaatsen, billboards, promotiefoldertjes, mondelinge promotie bij feestjes en verenigingen, mond tot mond reclame, gerichte promotiefolder, telefonisch contact, winkelinrichting, kortingsbonnen, persbericht, eigen website, webadvertising, sponsoring, beurzen (bezoeken of outline thesis, eigen stand), etc. Alles begint met wie je wilt bereiken en wie jou moet begrijpen. Kun je het werk alleen aan, of het nodig personeel aan te trekken? Personeel aannemen moet zorgvuldig gebeuren. Thesis. Het belang van de uitstraling van het personeel naar buiten toe is van groot belang en wordt regelmatig onderschat. Shakespeare Topics. Hoe kom je aan jouw personeel? Heb je behoefte aan hoog- of statement, laaggekwalificeerd? Wordt het personeel zelf opgeleid? Welke normen en waarden worden er gehanteerd?

Een missie is difference between narrative story waarvoor we staan, een visie is statement waarvoor we gaan. Research Paper Test. De missie heeft te maken met waarden en identiteit. Sister Flowers Statement. Een visie geeft aan: hoe gaan wij de wereld van morgen beïnvloeden zodat wij succes hebben? Het is optimization swarm thesis noodzakelijk om kort en bondig je missie en je visie te kunnen beschrijven. Flowers. Grote lappen tekst met onderbouwing kunnen in custom essays 8hrs $20, het plan zelf terug komen. Sister Thesis. Wel moeten ze duidelijk zijn. Thesis. Dat kun je vrij gemakkelijk doen via de SMART theorie.

SMART staat voor: Specifiek, Meetbaar, Attractief, Realistisch en Tijdgebonden. Sister Flowers Statement. Als aan deze voorwaarden wordt voldaan kan via het ondernemingsplan zelf nagegaan worden of deze missie en doelstellingen uiteindelijk met alle aanwezige achtergrond informatie werkelijk mogelijk zijn. Wie zijn we, wat zijn onze waarden, hoe willen we met onze klanten en medewerkers omgaan? Probeer ook zo reëel mogelijk in thesis, te schatten hoe groot de omzet is statement die je verwacht te gaan halen. Waar wil je over shakespeare research paper topics 5 tot 10 jaar staan met je onderneming? Wat ga je doen om te zorgen dat je succes hebt en houdt? Het financieel plan is in feite het vertalen van de aannames uit het ondernemingsplan naar financiën/geld. Sister Flowers Thesis. Je kunt onze gratis template financieel plan daarvoor gebruiken. Het financiële hoofdstuk bestaat uit de volgende onderdelen: Waar komt mijn kapitaal vandaan en waar is of technology het geïnvesteerd?

Ben ik - winstgevend? Kan ik op tijd voldoen aan mijn financiële verplichtingen? Een bedrijf starten kost geld. Sommige investeringen zijn noodzakelijk om te kunnen starten, andere kunnen misschien beter nog even wachten. Thesis. In de investeringsbegroting zet je op een rij wat je minimaal nodig hebt om te kunnen starten. De investeringsbegroting is of technology onderverdeeld in thesis, vaste activa en vlottende activa. Of The. Vaste activa, zoals een computer, machines, inventaris, en een bedrijfsauto, zijn bedrijfsmiddelen die langer dan een jaar in sister thesis statement, je bedrijf aanwezig zijn.

Deze middelen maken het mogelijk dat je de activiteiten kunt uitvoeren. Research. Zij ondersteunen het bedrijfsproces. Bedrijfsmiddelen die korter dan een jaar in sister statement, je bedrijf aanwezig zijn, zoals voorraden, vorderingen, voorfinanciering BTW en debiteuren, zijn vlottende activa. Deze middelen zijn onderdeel van je bedrijfsproces. Aanloop- en openingskosten zijn kosten die je maakt voordat je kunt starten en/of omzet kunt maken. Voorbeelden: notariskosten, inschrijving Kamer van Koophandel, levensonderhoud eerste periode, marktonderzoek, advieskosten, visitekaartjes en briefpapier. Onderbouw de bedragen met offertes. Outline Thesis. Vraag offertes op bij meerdere leveranciers om zo tot een juiste keuze te komen. Houd rekening met onvoorziene kosten. In uw financieringsbegroting staat hoe je de benodigde investeringen gaat financieren.

Dit kan door middel van eigen vermogen of met vreemd vermogen. Het deel van de investeringen dat je zelf financiert heet eigen vermogen. Sister Flowers Statement. Dit kan in vorm van geld zijn dat je hebt gespaard of outline of the thesis, bedrijfsmiddelen (auto, voorraad, computer) die je eerder hebt aangeschaft. Het kan ook zijn dat een familielid of kennis je geld wil lenen. Er is een regeling die het voor particulieren, zoals familie of kennissen, fiscaal aantrekkelijk maakt geld aan startende ondernemers te lenen.

Deze regeling biedt zo'n particuliere geldgever namelijk interessante fiscale voordelen. Zogenaamde `achtergestelde´ leningen of sister thesis statement, durfkapitaal wordt door een kredietverstrekker vaak gezien als eigen vermogen. Custom 8hrs $20. Andere voorbeelden van partijen die kunnen financieren en hun bedrag achter zouden willen stellen, zijn de huurbaas, of flowers statement, de vorige eigenaar van de zaak die je hebt overgenomen. Vreemd vermogen is geld dat zakelijke financiers (bijvoorbeeld banken en leveranciers) je willen lenen. Outline. Er is onderscheid tussen schulden met een looptijd van langer dan een jaar en korter dan een jaar. In feite zijn de langlopende leningen bedoeld om de vaste activa te financieren. Hypothecaire leningen hebben als doel een bedrijfspand te financieren, met een (middellange) banklening (of lease) kun je een machine of thesis statement, inventaris aanschaffen. Dat betekent automatisch dat de vlottende activa met kort vreemd vermogen moet worden gefinancierd. Dit zijn voornamelijk het rekening-courantkrediet (of werkkapitaal) en crediteuren (leverancierskrediet). Of Technology. In feite kan zelfs de belastingdienst je financieren, maar daar kun je beter maar niet te veel op leunen.

Een balans is een overzicht van de bezittingen, de schulden en het eigen vermogen van je onderneming op een bepaald moment. Anders gezegd: op een balans staat wat je hebt (activa, de linkerzijde van de balans), in sister thesis statement, de vorm van geld, goederen, enz., en hoe die gefinancierd zijn (passiva, de rechterzijde van de balans): met eigen vermogen of met vreemd vermogen (leningen). Thesis. Dus een balans is sister flowers thesis statement een momentopname van bezittingen en van de manier waarop deze zijn betaald. De solvabiliteit is de verhouding van uw eigen vermogen ten opzichte van het totaal benodigde vermogen. Benefits Of Technology. Dit geeft aan in flowers thesis statement, hoeverre uw onderneming de schulden op lange termijn kan voldoen. In je verkoopprognose moet je de omzet op een juiste en reële manier inschatten. Optimization Thesis. Het maken van een verkoopprognose is niet eenvoudig, maar wel noodzakelijk. Flowers Thesis Statement. Daarmee kun je namelijk inschatten wat je gaat verdienen en of dat voldoende is om alle verplichtingen te kunnen voldoen. Uiteindelijk bepaalt de omzet, minus de inkoopkosten en overige kosten je winst of research paper on polygraph, verlies. De berekening is flowers simpel. Essays 8hrs. Het aantal verkochte producten per flowers thesis statement maand wordt vermenigvuldigd met de prijs die voor het product vraagt.

Als dienstverlener kun je het aantal uren invullen, wanneer je een vergoeding op uurbasis vraagt. De omzet moet je exclusief BTW opgeven. Je moet wel aangeven welk BTW tarief op jouw product of custom essays 8hrs, dienst van toepassing is. (21%, 6% of statement, 0%). De belastingdienst geeft hier meer informatie over. Omzet wordt gemaakt op het moment dat de factuur naar de klant/opdrachtgever wordt gestuurd. Of Technology Essays. Dat wil in sister flowers statement, de meeste gevallen niet zeggen dat het geld direct wordt bijgeschreven op je rekening. Betalen je klanten direct (contact of essays, PIN) zoals in sister flowers, de detailhandel, of outline, moet je weken op je geld wachten.

Deze periode noemen we de debiteurentermijn. Sister Flowers Thesis. Onderaan de verkoopprognose moet je invullen wanneer welk deel van je klanten gaat betalen. Zorg ervoor dat je prognose kan worden onderbouwd met cijfers uit de branchegegevens, je concurrentieanalyse en marketingmix. Houd rekening met seizoensinvloeden. Outline. Ga je direct in flowers thesis statement, je eerste maand omzet maken, of is outline er sprake van een aanloopperiode? Is het geplande aantal uren daadwerkelijk declarabel? Houd rekening met bijvoorbeeld reistijd, acquisitie, ziekte, administratie. Is deze omzet haalbaar (reëel), gezien vanuit de geplande investeringen en personeelscapaciteit? Om geld te kunnen verdienen aan producten die je verkoopt, moet je die producten eerst zelf inkopen. Sister Statement. Het verschil tussen wat je verkoopt en de prijs die je zelf hebt betaald om die producten in te kopen is thesis je brutowinst. Er bestaat dus een direct verband tussen inkoop en verkoop.

De inkoopprijs van alle verkochte artikelen hoort tot de inkoopwaarde van de omzet. Sister. De formule om de inkoopwaarde van de omzet te bepalen is paper on polygraph als volgt: Beginvoorraad + Jaarinkopen Eindvoorraad. Alle producten die je al wel hebt ingekocht, maar nog niet hebt verkocht, heb je op voorraad en worden daarom niet tot de inkoopwaarde van de omzet gerekend. Bedrijven die niet handelen in flowers, producten, maar hun kennis en tijd ‘verkopen’ aan de klant, hebben te maken met diensten. Between And Short Story. Diensten hebben meestal geen inkoopprijs (of slechts zeer gering). Flowers Thesis. Bij diensten kun je stellen dat de brutowinst (bijna) gelijk is aan de behaalde omzet. Er zijn meerdere factoren die de inkoopwaarde van de omzet kunnen bepalen. Optimization Particle Swarm. Denk bijvoorbeeld aan het inhuren van andere bedrijven (‘diensten van derden’). Flowers Statement. Deze worden meestal ook rechtstreeks van de behaalde omzet afgehaald. Of Technology. Andere voorbeelden zijn provisies die je betaald aan tussenpersonen of statement, agenten, het huren van materiaal die je nodig hebt om een dienst te kunnen verlenen. Thesis. Dit zijn zogenaamde directe kosten.

Heeft een bedrijf te maken met een werkplaats, dan worden veel van de bewerkkosten of sister flowers thesis, ‘maak’ kosten ook rechtstreeks verrekend met de behaalde omzet. Eigenlijk alles met een rechtstreeks verband met de behaalde omzet! Om de inkoopprognose correct in te vullen, moet je invullen wanneer je daadwerkelijk voorraad moet gaan inkopen. Thesis. Afhankelijk van het product, de branche en de vraag zal de frequentie verschillen. Is het nodig dat je elke dag inkoopt (bijv. Statement. verse levensmiddelen), of shakespeare research paper topics, kun slechts één keer per kwartaal je inkopen doen (bijv. Sister Statement. kleding)? Kun je inschatten hoe lang je product gemiddeld op voorraad ligt? En welke deel van je voorraad is shakespeare topics niet meer te verkopen na verloop van tijd (incourante voorraad)?

In je exploitatiebegroting schat je in sister statement, of je bedrijf rendabel is. On Polygraph. Door de omzet en kosten in sister thesis, een overzicht te plaatsen, kun je in een oogopslag zien of topics, je bedrijf winst of sister flowers statement, verlies maakt. Outline Thesis. In de exploitatiebegroting staan de bedragen exclusief BTW vermeld. Uitgangspunt voor de exploitatiebegroting is thesis statement de verkoopprognose (zie 3.3). Of Technology Essays. Door de inkoopwaarde van de omzet af te trekken wordt de brutowinst zichtbaar. Thesis Statement. De inkoopwaarde van de omzet wordt berekend aan de hand van de ingevulde inkoopprognose (zie 3.4). Door de brutowinst te verminderen met alle wederkerend bedrijfskosten, zoals huisvestings-, vervoers-, promotie- en personeelskosten, houd jij je netto bedrijfsresultaat over. Dit bepaalt of benefits of technology essays, je bedrijfsactiviteit op zichzelf rendabel is. Flowers Statement. Onder de bedrijfskosten vallen ook de afschrijvingen. Afschrijvingen zijn wel kosten, maar geen uitgaven.

Afschrijvingen geven de je gelegenheid reserves op te bouwen om te kunnen (her)investeringen in optimization particle swarm, de vaste activa van je bedrijf. Je geeft het geld pas uit op het moment dat je moet gaan investeren. Je geeft je ook extra ruimte om je aflosverplichting te voldoen. Voordat jij je winst uit onderneming kan bepalen, moet je opgeven hoeveel vergoeding je aan de financiers, die je bedrijfsactiviteit mede mogelijk hebben gemaakt , jaarlijks moet betalen. Dit wordt ook wel rente genoemd.

Als je winst hebt gemaakt, moet je daarover belasting betalen. Flowers Statement. Hoeveel dat is, hangt af van het winstbedrag en aftrekposten die je als zelfstandige mag opvoeren. Difference Narrative Story. Voor deze aftrekposten gelden wel diverse voorwaarden. Kijk daarom goed op de site van de belastingdienst. De nettowinst is thesis statement de basis voor uw inkomen uit een eenmanszaak of narrative essay and short, VOF. In een BV staat de ondernemer als bestuurder/directeur van de BV op de loonlijst en ontvangt een salaris. Thesis. Het salaris is shakespeare research een kostenpost voor de BV. Thesis. De omzet moet hoog genoeg zijn om ook het salaris van de directeur te betalen. Particle Swarm. We bieden je gratis een eenvoudige template voor exploitatiebegroting. Aannames moeten gebaseerd zijn op goed doordachte veronderstellingen Omzet op basis van marktonderzoek en niet op alleen basis van aantal x prijs Check de samenhang met het Marketingplan Omzet moet met gewenst personeelsbestand en kapitaal vervaardigd kunnen worden. Kun je elke maand alle rekeningen betalen?

Door het maken van een liquiditeitsbegroting bepaal je of flowers statement, er iedere maand voldoende geld op je rekening staat. Inkomsten en uitgaven kunnen gedurende een jaar sterk wisselen. Outline Thesis. Bijvoorbeeld door seizoensinvloeden, een vakantieperiode, belastingaanslag of sister flowers thesis, door klanten die laat betalen. Benefits Essays. Met een liquiditeitsbegroting maak je inzichtelijk op welk moment extra financiën nodig zijn. Vrijwel alle bedrijfskosten die zijn opgenomen in sister flowers statement, de exploitatiebegroting komen ook terug in de liquiditeitsbegroting. Afschrijvingen vormen hierop de belangrijkste uitzondering. Paper Test. De liquiditeitsbegroting toont hoe de kosten over het jaar worden verdeeld en aan in thesis, welke maand de kosten daadwerkelijk betaald moeten worden. Research. Zeker in een groeiende ondernemingen zullen met de omzet ook de kosten maandelijks variëren (en toenemen). Naast de bedrijfskosten, worden ook de (maandelijkse) privéopnamen, inclusief inkomstenbelasting, en aflossingen staan niet in de liquiditeitsbegroting opgenomen.

Via onze site kun je nu eenvoudig een sjabloon liquiditeitsbegroting downloaden. Op de exploitatiebegroting zijn alle bedragen exclusief BTW. Sister Thesis. In de liquiditeitsbegroting reken je de BTW ontvangsten en uitgaven mee. Uit de exploitatiebegroting kun je opmaken of research paper on polygraph test, je voldoende omzet genereert om de bedrijfs- en financieringskosten te dekken. Sister Flowers Thesis. De cashflow berekent vervolgens of custom, jij je privéopnamen wel uit de onderneming kan halen en of er daarnaast genoeg overblijft om leningen af te lossen, herinvesteringen te voldoen of reserves op te bouwen. Grofweg is de cashflow gelijk aan de nettowinst plus afschrijvingen van een onderneming. De cashflow is positief als er jaarlijks meer geld binnenkomt dan dat er uit gaat. Flowers Statement. De cashflow is essays negatief als er per flowers jaar meer geld wordt uitgegeven dan er binnenkomt. Een positieve cashflow wil niet direct zeggen dat je onderneming liquide is, dat er het hele jaar door voldoende geld op je rekening staat.

Dat moet blijken uit de liquiditeitsbegroting. Voordat je met je bedrijf begint, moet je weten hoeveel je maandelijks nodig om privé van rond te komen. Benefits Of Technology. Breng al je (huishoud)verplichtingen in sister, kaart. Vermeld ook alle inkomsten die je huishouding ontvangt, zoals het loon (inclusief vakantie geld en dertiende maand) van jezelf en/of je partner, uitkeringen, pensioenen en eventueel kinderbijslag. Het verschil tussen de privéverplichtingen en -inkomsten bepaalt het bedrag dat je maandelijks uit je onderneming moet halen om van te leven. Houd je zakelijke betalingsverkeer gescheiden van je privé-inkomsten en -uitgaven door het openen van een aparte rekeningen. Een afschrijving is benefits essays het in sister flowers statement, de boekhouding tot uitdrukking brengen van de waardedaling van een bedrijfsmiddel over een bepaalde periode. Benefits Of Technology. Doordat je machines gebruikt zullen ze slijten. Ook zal de waarde van je gebouw of sister thesis, vrachtwagens in de loop van de jaren afnemen.

De waardevermindering van deze kapitaalgoederen wordt ook wel afschrijving of afschrijvingskosten genoemd. Er wordt steeds afschrijving toegepast om de slijtage door het gebruik tot uitdrukking te brengen. Between Narrative Essay And Short Story. Deze afschrijving vormt een kostenpost in sister thesis statement, de Winst- en Verliesrekening en leidt dus tot een lager resultaat. Bekijk de mogelijkheden van Qredits. Ondernemingsplan template downloaden. Als je een onderneming wilt beginnen, is het verstandig eerst een ondernemingsplan te maken. Thesis. Qredits wil je hier graag mee op weg helpen. E-learning Ondernemingsplan Schrijven. Deze e-learning laat jou nadenken over je onderneming.

Je krijgt volop inspiratie en voorbeelden. Flowers Thesis Statement. Na afloop download je een kant en klaar plan. Vind je het moeilijk om je eigen ondernemingsplan op te stellen? Twijfel je of of the, het goed is? Een coach helpt je bij het structureren van je ideeen.

Qredits helpt ondernemers bij het succesvol starten van en investeren in sister flowers statement, hun bedrijf. Difference And Short Story. We bieden coaching, kennis in de Qredits Academy voor ondernemers en we verstrekken bedrijfskredieten tot € 250.000. Qredits verstrekt de microkredieten mede dankzij twee programma’s van de Europese Unie: het EaSI, een Europees programma voor werkgelegenheid en sociale innovatie, en COSME, een programma dat de concurrentiepositie van midden- en kleinbedrijf verbetert. Flowers Statement. Lees meer.

Order Essay from Experienced Writers with Ease -
Картинки по запросу sister flowers thesis statement

16 Free Medical Assistant Resume Templates. There is an increasing demand for medical assistants in the coming years due to flowers thesis aging of the population and advances in medical technology. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the medial assisting field is expected to grow by over 30% between the years 2010 and 2020. Between Narrative Story! Medical assistants are an important part of the healthcare industry as they provide much needed support within healthcare facilities. A medical assistant#8217;s main responsibility is to provide patients with clinical and administrative assistance . They are employed in medical offices, clinics, and hospitals, and work closely with physicians and specialists.

Their job duties often vary depending upon where they are employed. In some offices, the medical assistant is in sister flowers thesis, charge of the benefits of technology management and administration of the office, which allows the sister thesis statement physician#8217;s time to be spent on providing better patient care. Other times, their responsibilities rest solely on providing patient care. Individuals who choose medical assisting as a career have a lot of responsibility and can expect to earn an research average salary of between $23,000 and $31,000 per flowers thesis statement year . Essays 8hrs $20! Although there is NO requirement for MA to have formal training, all employers will have different educational requirements and you might be expected to statement have at least 1-2 years of formal training at a technical or vocational school or hold an associate#8217;s degree. There are several different types of shakespeare paper topics medical assistants . The first type is the clinical medical assistant . A clinical medical assistant#8217;s primary responsibility is patient care, carrying out statement assessments, and performing other medical tasks. The second type of medical assistant is the administrative medical assistant. The administrative medical assistant primarily performs administrative duties such as managing patient records, scheduling appointments, answering phones, performing general account billing, and maintaining the front desk area. The final type of medical assistant is one who has chosen to shakespeare research paper topics specialize in a specific field of medicine . Specialty areas could be family medicine, geriatrics, internal medicine, OB/GYN, pediatrics, oncology, transplantation surgery, cardiology, urology, women#8217;s health, endocrinology, or another field.

Size: Downloads: 9508 Download: zip and sister statement docx Uploaded: 2013-11-13 21:03:00 / 3354. This is a general resume that is paper suitable for a Certified Medical Assistant or a Registered Medical Assistant. For the most part, writing a Medical Assistant Resume is the same as writing resume for any other job. Your resume should accurately display your knowledge and commitment to the field as well as your desire for employment within the field. It should show your professional potential as well as your passion and commitment to quality care. Include any relevant clinical experience you have as well as experience in specialized areas, if applicable. Maintaining a generalized approach is flowers thesis appropriate if you don#8217;t have any specialty experience. Research! Describe responsibilities you had, duties you performed, and sister thesis success you achieved at your previous positions. What is included in your resume will vary depending upon what types of positions you plan to apply for.

Make sure you only include duties that are relevant to optimization particle swarm position you are applying for. Sister! Some duties typically found on Medical Assistant resumes: Answer office phones and schedule appointments Greet patients and paper on polygraph prepare them for examinations Obtain patient medical history and vital signs Assist physician during patient examinations Perform routine laboratory tests and administer injections Explain treatment procedures, medications, special diets, or doctor#8217;s instructions Perform electrocardiograms or other diagnostic tests Authorize drug refills and provide prescription information to pharmacies Assist with insurance, coding, and billing paperwork. Good communications skills, empathy, and sister flowers people skills . Custom Essays! These skills are important to flowers help put patients at ease, as well as answer questions about medications, instructions, and tests. Analytical skills . And Short! It is essential to understand information on medical charts such as diagnoses, as well as being able to code patients#8217; medical records for billing purposes, if required. Detail oriented and technical skills . Medical assistants use basic clinical instruments and flowers need to be accurate when taking and recording patients#8217; vital signs. If you hold any certifications, licenses, etc., they should be incorporated into your resume to outline of the thesis show your dedication to sister flowers statement furthering your vocational skills.

Here is just one sample Medical Assistant Resume with objective, summary of outline of the skills, work experience, and sister thesis education. Paper! As previously noted, the type of resume required for medical assisting will depend upon what type of skills you#8217;ve acquired as well as what type of environment you plan to pursue employment in. A professional resume should be tailored to sister flowers portray who you are, what skills you possess, and be geared towards the type of job you#8217;re looking for difference between essay and short story . Flowers Thesis! Here we#8217;ve helped to create examples of just how to achieve the perfect resume to fit your needs. You will find three resume formats: chronological (focus on work history), functional (focus on skills and qualifications), or combination (both work history and skills). Whether you are a recent graduate, or someone who has experience as a medical assistant, you will be able to find one that will highlight your positive attributes and get you started on searching for research the career you#8217;ve been looking for. This resume is flowers statement suitable for someone who has some experience working as a Medical Assistant and has different clinical and administrative skills. Size: Downloads: 7167 Filename: Experienced-Medical-Assistant.docx Uploaded: 2013-11-13 21:03:00 / 3348. Chronological Medical Assistant Resume. Chronological resume for someone who is experienced at particle thesis, working as a medical assistant; focus on experience, performed duties, and job skills. Size: Downloads: 2304 Filename: Chronological-Medical-Assistant-Resume.docx Uploaded: 2013-11-13 21:03:00 / 3340.

Experienced Pediatric Medical Assistant. This is an example of a resume to statement be used for someone who has experience as a Pediatric Medical Assistant. Size: Downloads: 2424 Filename: Experienced-Pediatric-Medical-Assistant.docx Uploaded: 2013-11-13 21:03:00 / 3350. Of The Thesis! This resume sample provides a generic template which can be used for an entry level medical assistant, or for a certified or registered medical assistant. Size: Downloads: 4625 Filename: Entry-Level-Medical-Assistant.docx Uploaded: 2013-11-13 21:03:00 / 3344. This is a basic resume that can be used for flowers statement anyone seeking employment as a medical assistant. Custom! Size: Downloads: 3409 Filename: Basic-Medical-Assistant-Sample.docx Uploaded: 2013-11-13 21:03:00 / 3338.

This is a medical assistant resume sample that focuses on administrative and clinical skills and experience in statement, orthopedics. Size: Downloads: 1559 Filename: Clinical-Orthopedic-Assistant.docx Uploaded: 2013-11-13 21:03:00 / 3342. Entry-level Medical Assistant Resume. This resume is custom 8hrs $20 perfect for an entry-level position for someone who is just graduating and sister flowers looking for their first medical assistant job. Size: Downloads: 2445 Filename: Entry-level-Medical-Assistant-Resume.docx Uploaded: 2013-11-13 21:03:00 / 3346. Functional Resume For Medical Assisting Field. Custom Essays 8hrs $20! This is an sister flowers thesis statement example of a functional resume for use when looking for a first-time job in the medical assisting field. It focuses on skills and qualifications rather than on work experience. Size: Downloads: 3419 Filename: Functional-Resume-for-medical-assisting-field.docx Uploaded: 2013-11-13 21:03:00 / 3352.

Generic Combination Medical Assistant. This resume can be used whether it’s your first or next medical assistant job. It highlights skills and experience. Size: Downloads: 2205 Filename: Generic-Combination-Medical-Assistant.docx Uploaded: 2013-11-13 21:03:00 / 3356. This resume contains a summary of qualifications and is suitable for any medical assistant with some experience.

Size: Downloads: 1986 Filename: Generic-Medical-Assistant-Sample.docx Uploaded: 2013-11-13 21:03:00 / 3358. Essays! This resume can be used for a student medical assistant who has not worked in the field yet. It focuses on flowers thesis, externships and volunteer experience in place of work experience. Size: Downloads: 2357 Filename: Student-Medical-Assistant.docx Uploaded: 2013-11-13 21:03:00 / 3366. Sample resume for Medical Assistant Intern with example of outline of the thesis qualifications, objective, related skills, education, and employment history. Flowers Thesis Statement! Size: Downloads: 1642 Filename: Medical-Assistant-Intern.docx Uploaded: 2013-11-13 21:03:00 / 3360. This is of the a resume for an experienced Certified Medical Assistant who has experience as Medical Assisting Extern and Emergency Room Technician Extern. Sister Thesis! Size: Downloads: 1532 Filename: Medical-Assisting-Extern.docx Uploaded: 2013-11-13 21:03:00 / 3362. This resume is for Medical Assistant experienced in working with pediatric patients, solid Clinical and Administrative skills. Between Narrative Essay! Size: Downloads: 1957 Filename: Pediatric-Medical-Assistant.docx Uploaded: 2013-11-13 21:03:00 / 3364. CMA with experience in a multi-physician family medical practice and additional healthcare experience as an RPT.

Size: 148 KB Downloads: 2331 Filename: Certified-Medical-Assistant.docx Uploaded: 2015-08-11 21:02:00 / 8222. 855.213.0348 | MON-FRI 8A-8P, SAT 8A-5P, SUN 10A-6P CST. 2017 Bold Limited. All rights reserved. POWERED BY BOLD.

Write My Paper For Me -
What is the thesis of the essay "Sister Flowers"? What does Mrs

fortnightly essay Click on the highlighted text to sister flowers thesis, see the comments. Computer systems computer systems. This report investigates the between and short story, current state of scanner technology and examines the predicted future advancements of scanners. Flowers. A brief history of the custom 8hrs $20, scanner and its operation is initially outlined.

The discussion then focuses on statement, the advantages and limitations of the five main types of scanners in common use today: drum, flatbed, sheet-fed, slide, and of the thesis, hand held scanners. The performance of these scanners is examined in relation to four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. It is concluded that further technological advances in these four areas as well as the flowers statement, deployment of new sensor technology will continue to improve the quality of scanned images. It is benefits also suggested that specialised scanners will increasingly be incorporated into other types of technology such as digital cameras. The purpose of this report is to sister, survey the current state of scanner technology and to briefly discuss predicted advancements in and short story the field. By examining a range of recently published journal articles, magazine articles and internet sites on the topic of scanners this report describes the main types of scanners in flowers thesis common use today and examines their performance in relation to four criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software.

The report then considers the effect of further technological advances in custom essays 8hrs these four areas, as well as the deployment of new sensor technology on the future development of sister thesis, scanners. The first scanner, initially referred to as a #039;reading machine#039;, was developed in 1960 by Jacob Rabinow, a Russian born engineer. The device could scan printed material and then compare each character to a set of standards in a matrix using, for the first time, the best match principle to determine the original message (Blatner, Fleishman and Roth 1998, p.3). This reading machine was to form the basis for shakespeare research, the development of current scanning, sorting and processing machines. An early improvement on the reading machine was the drum scanner. These scanners used a type of scanning technology called photomultiplier tubes (PMT) . Sister Statement. Drum scanners are still used in industry today because of the high quality images they produce. The development of smaller, more economical scanners such as desktop scanners and scanners for domestic use followed the drum scanner as the number of computer users increased and computer technology advanced. Scanners can now capture images from a wide variety of two and three dimensional sources. Narrative Essay And Short. These images are converted to sister, digitised computer files that can be stored on a hard-drive or floppy disk. With the aid of specific software, these images can then be manipulated and enhanced by the user.

It is benefits essays now possible to deploy electronic acquisition to create an entire layout (including all graphic elements) from the same computer. This means manual stripping is no longer required (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000). Scanners are considered an invaluable tool for thesis, adding graphics and text to documents and have been readily adopted by essays, both business and flowers, domestic users. A scanner is a device that uses a light source to electronically convert an image into binary data (0s and 1s). This binary data can then be used to store the scanned image on a computer. A scanner recreates an image by using small electronic components referred to as the scanner#039;s #039;eyes#039; (Scanner tips 2000). The type of #039;eyes#039; used in today#039;s scanners are charge-coupled devices (CCD) and essays, photomultiplier tubes (PMT). These electronic eyes measure the amount of light reflected from individual points on sister flowers thesis, the page and difference narrative and short story, translate it to digital signals that correspond to the brightness of thesis, each point (Englander 2000).

To create a file on custom 8hrs $20, the computer that represents a colour image, the flowers statement, scanner divides the image into a grid with many individual points called pixels or picture elements (Scanner tips 2000). A scanning head, termed a row of #039;eyes#039;, reads over the grid and assigns a number to each pixel based on the main colour in that pixel, using green, blue and red. For example an aqua pixel would be saved as a number to represent the proportion of test, blue, green and red which represents the colour aqua (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000). There are five main types of scanners in common use today: drum scanners, flatbed scanners, sheet-fed scanners, slide scanners, and hand held scanners. Drum scanners were widely used in the past, however they are much less commonly used today due to advances in scanner technology. Sister Thesis Statement. As a result of their expense, these machines are primarily used by professionals in topics industry, where they are considered important due to the high-end quality image they produce and because they use PMT technology which is more sophisticated than charge-coupled devices (CCDs) and contact image sensor#039;s (CISs).

Drum scanners are difficult to operate and technicians operate these scanners by placing the item to statement, be scanned on $20, a glass cylinder rotating at high speeds around the sensor (Sullivan 1996). The most popular scanners for general use are flatbed scanners. This type of scanner is highly versatile because it is able to scan flat objects as well as small three dimensional objects. Flat-bed scanners operate by placing the item to be scanned on a glass window while scanning heads move underneath it. A transparency adapter is used to scan transparent originals such as slides or x-rays, and an automatic document feeder is available for sister flowers, scanning large numbers of documents (Scanner tips 2000) . Sheet-fed scanners have grown in popularity in recent years, particularly for small office or domestic use as they are reasonably priced, can scan full-sized documents and are compact, requiring limited desk space (Scanner tips 2000). Most models of particle thesis, sheet-fed scanners have an inbuilt document feeder to overcome the problem of manually feeding one sheet of paper at a time. Thesis Statement. However the actual process or scanning with a sheet-fed scanner may result in distortion as the image to be scanned moves over outline of the thesis the scanning heads (Scanner tips 2000). A further limitation of sheet-fed scanners is that they are unable to scan three dimensional objects. This type of scanner is used to scan items such as slides that need careful handling during scanning. Unlike other scanners, the flowers thesis, scanning heads in particle swarm slide scanners do not reflect light from the image, but rather pass light through it.

This enables these scanners to produce superior results without distortions caused by flowers, reflective light. To be able to scan small and detailed items, these scanners have a large number of outline, eyes on the scanning head which produces a high quality result. Slide scanners tend to be more expensive and less versatile than flatbed and flowers, sheet-fed scanners as they are limited to research paper, only scanning slides and film. These scanners, however, are well suited to users requiring high quality scans of flowers statement, large numbers of topics, slides (Scanner tips 2000). Hand held scanners are compact, portable scanners which are simply dragged across a page manually to capture an image. These scanners are easy to use and economical to purchase; however, their use is statement limited to text of up to four inches in diameter that does not require a high resolution. For this reason, hand held scanners are unsuitable for research paper topics, colour images. A further disadvantage of hand held scanners is that the user must have a steady hand when scanning or the sister flowers thesis statement, resulting image will be distorted (Scanner tips 2000).

The performance of a scanner can be examined in on polygraph test relation to four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. Resolution is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can sample in sister a given image. It is used to describe the amount of detail in an image (Figeiredo, McIllree and Thomas 1996). Higher resolution scanners are generally more expensive and produce superior results as they have a greater capacity to capture detail. Paper On Polygraph. Scanners have two types of resolutions: optical resolution and interpolated resolution. Optical resolution, or hardware resolution, is sister flowers thesis a measure of how many pixels a scanner can actually read.

A current model desktop scanner typically has a resolution of 300 x 300 dots per essays, inch (dpi) (Anderson 1999) . This means that this scanner has a scanning head with 300 sensors per inch, so it can sample 300 dpi in one direction and 300 dpi in flowers statement the other direction by difference narrative story, stopping the scanning head 300 times per sister flowers, inch in both directions. Some scanners stop the scanning head more frequently as it moves down the page, giving an optical resolution of 300 x 600 dpi; however, scanning more frequently in one direction does not improve the result of the scan. The basic requirement for scanning detailed images and line art from photos or other printed originals is an optical resolution of 600 dpi. When scanning slides and benefits of technology essays, negatives the minimum optical resolution is 1200 dpi. Interpolated resolution measures the number of pixels a scanner is able to predict. A scanner can turn a 300 x 300 dpi scan into a 600 x 600 dpi scan by looking in-between scanned pixels and guessing what that spot would have looked like if it had been scanned. This prediction is then used to insert new pixels in flowers thesis statement between the actual ones scanned. This technique is less precise than optical resolution; however it assists in improving the enlargement of scanned images. Bit depth refers to outline of the, the amount of sister flowers, information that a scanner records for each pixel when converting an image to digital form. Scanners differ in the amount of data they record for each pixel within an image.

The simplest kinds of story, scanners only record data related to black and white details and have a bit depth of flowers thesis, 1 (Anderson 1999). The minimum bit depth required for scanning photographs and documents is 24-bits, while slides, negatives or transparencies need a scanner with at of the thesis, least 30-bits. Thus for a scanner to produce a high quality scan with colour, a higher bit depth is required. In general, current scanners have a bit depth of 24, which means that 8 bits of information can be collected for the three primary colours used in scanning; blue, red and green (Anderson 1999). This high resolution allows scanners to produce images close to photographic quality. Dynamic range refers to the measurement of the range of tones a scanner can record on a scale of 0.0 to 4.0, with 0.0 being perfect white and 4.0 being perfect black. Colour flat-bed scanners usually have a dynamic range of 2.4. A range of statement, this measurement is unable to provide high quality colour scans. A dynamic range of optimization particle thesis, 2.8 and 3.2 is suited to professional purposes and can be found in high-end scanners. Thesis Statement. An even higher dynamic range of 3.0 to 3.8 can be provided by drum scanners. A scanner, like any type of hardware, requires software.

Typically the two most common pieces of software provided with scanners include optical character recognition (OCR) and image editing software. Optical character recognition software translates the information recorded in a scan, tiny dots, into a text file which can be edited. Image editing software allows the optimization swarm thesis, tones and colours of an image to sister thesis statement, be manipulated for better printing and display. Image editing also gives filters to apply special effects to scanned images. The quality of scanned images is constantly improving as characteristics such as resolution, bit-depth and dynamic range are enhanced and further developed. More sophisticated image editing and optical character recognition software development is of technology essays also resulting in superior quality scans.

Future advances are expected to result in the incorporation of specialized scanners into other types of technology such as the recently developed digital camera. This device allows the user to take pictures of three-dimensional objects much like a regular camera, except that instead of sister thesis statement, using film, the objects are scanned by the camera in a similar process to custom $20, the functioning of a flatbed scanner. The relatively new area of sensor technology in the form of a contact image sensor (CIS) (see Appendix 1) is expected to improve the functionality of scanners and the quality of images as it replaces the cumbersome optical reduction technique with a single row of sensors (Grotta and Wiener 1998, p. 1). Developers have already been able to produce a CIS scanner which is thinner, lighter, more energy efficient and cheaper to manufacture than a traditional CCD base device. However, the quality of the scan is not as good as its counterparts. Further development of CIS technology is needed to improve image quality and colour, and to address the problem of a limited 300 or 600 dpi. This report has identified five types of scanners currently available. Sister Flowers Thesis. Some are primarily used for professional purposes such as the drum scanner; others are used more broadly in the workplace and research paper on polygraph test, home such as flatbed scanners and to a lesser extent sheetfed scanners. Scanners for specialized purposes have also been identified such as slide and handheld scanners. The performance of thesis, these scanners is dependent upon their resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. Scanners have improved significantly in recent years in terms of weight, size, price and speed, and difference and short, the replacement of CCD technology with CIS technology is anticipated to produce further benefits to these areas as well as to scan quality.

The impact of these improvements is expected to increase the accessibility of scanner technology to a wider range of users and its suitability for a wider range of purposes. In relation to this, the future of sister flowers, scanner technology seems to point to the convergence of different technologies. Specialized scanners are currently being incorporated into other types of technologies such as digital cameras, printers, and photocopiers. Custom $20. This can be expected to continue with other forms of technology in conjunction with further improvements to image quality, speed, price, size and flowers thesis statement, weight. Anderson, D. The PC Guide. [http:www.pctechguide.com/18scanners.htm]. Blatner, D., Fleishman, G. Custom Essays $20. Roth, G. (1998) Real world scanning and halftones 2nd edition, Peachpit Press, USA. Englander, I (2000).

The Architecture of sister statement, computer hardware and systems software. Difference Narrative And Short. John Wiley, USA, p272. Figeiredo, J. McIllree, J. Thomas, N. (1996) Introducing information technology 2nd edition Jacaranda Press, Singapore, p145. Grotta, D. and Weiner, S. What#039;s now . What#039;s next. [http://www.zdnet.com/pcmag/features/scanners98/intro.html] PC Magazines 20 October 1998. 8/4/00. Prepress, scanners, digital cameras and photoCDs. Sister Flowers Thesis. [http://www.prepress.pps.com/mem/lib/ptr/scanners.html] 1998. 6/4/00.

Scansoft scanner tips [http://www.scannercentral.com/scanners/tips/tips1.asp] 2000.6/4/00. Sullivan. M. Types of scanners. Research On Polygraph Test. [http://hsdesign.com/scanning/types/types.html] 1996. 8/4/00. Clear statement of the four criteria used in the report to assess the technology.

Appropriately mentions an important aspect of future enhancements - sensor technology, as well as other aspects of future scanning technology. The comment on the quality of scanned images could be extended to include other desirable improvement outcomes; for example, faster scanning or 3D scanning. States the purpose and outlines the content of the report succinctly at the start. Historical background is then provided. This level of flowers thesis statement, detail should be placed in Section 2 #039;How Scanners Work#039;. Try to avoid repeating ideas in narrative essay story the body of the report by grouping ideas on sister flowers, the same topic or subtopic together. Good comment - provides an overall picture. It would be more appropriate to between narrative essay and short, discuss such detailed aspects of scanning in the body of the report rather than the introduction. When a technical term such as this is used it should be explained and flowers, related to the previous sentence(s).

This paragraph presents a clear definition of how a scanner works. The student#039;s understanding of the concept is evident because the definition has been clearly expressed in the student#039;s own words and the sources of the definition have been acknowledged. The student has used information from only one source for Sections 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, and outline of the, 3.5. This has severely limited the content of these sections of the report. This paragraph provides a good description of this criteria in simple clear language. It would be better to use a more recent reference here. A 1999 reference which states this is current typical resolution in statement an essay written in 2002 is inappropriate - computer technology develops very quickly. This concept is poorly explained. The student needs to express the main point in more detail. The ideas in this paragraph are well expressed; however the source of these ideas has not been provided.

The student needs to provide references. The concept of research paper test, #039;dynamic range#039; has not been sufficiently explained here. The student needs to provide further detail and to provide references to the sources of flowers thesis, information used. As in the previous paragraph, the concept has not been sufficiently explained. Further detail is required, especially in relation to the current capabilities and limitations of the software. References to the sources used are also required here.

This sentence is too general. It would be better to include more specific information about the kind of enhancements being referred to. This paragraph provides an appropriate amount of detail. Significant improvements to the field are identified in a brief discussion of swarm thesis, new technology. However the student has again omitted references to the sources used in the discussion.

This conclusion presents a brief summary of the flowers thesis, main ideas that have been established in the report. Shakespeare Paper. Unfortunately, it typifies the statement, limitations of the report; that is, the content is too general - more specific detail is required. A further improvement would be to provide more detail on how the current state and future position of scanner technology is related to the broader field of computer technology. WARNING - do not use this reference list as a model! The number of sources used in an assignment depends on the quality of the sources - their currency, reliability, and the amount of relevant information. This reference list consists of 8 sources: 3 books, 1 magazine, and 4 commercial web sites.

It does not meet the requirements of the assignment description. Narrative Essay And Short. One source is used for a number of sections in the report. The reference list needs to include several academic journal articles and more magazine articles. This would enable a wider range of opinions and ideas to be included. For this report, it is sister best to only use commercial web sites published by major manufacturing companies which provide technical and educational information rather than online shopping or reseller sites, or sites developed by outline of the thesis, individuals. Content and layout: The citations need to include appropriate details, and to be punctuated according to the Harvard Referencing System. For example, the country (USA) has been provided as the place of publication in a number of citations instead of the sister, name of a city or town, the custom $20, copyright dates of many of the web sites has not been included, and the inclusion of a page number for a book (p.145) is not necessary in the reference list (it is required in the text if the student is making a direct quote). Thesis. The use of punctuation in custom $20 this reference list is flowers statement inconsistent and not always appropriate.

Problems? Questions? Comments? Please provide us feedback.